This is the first version of the 2020-21 General Catalog. The final edition and the historical PDF will be published during the fall semester.

Undergraduate certificates: drug delivery; drug discovery; drug disposition and metabolism
Professional degree: Pharm.D.
Professional certificate: palliative care
Graduate degrees: M.S. in pharmacy; Ph.D. in pharmacy
Faculty: https://pharmacy.uiowa.edu/directory/faculty
Website: https://pharmacy.uiowa.edu/

The hallmarks of a University of Iowa pharmacy degree are patient-centered practice, strong grounding in science and evidence-based practice, exploration of career choices through required and elective courses, and exposure to leadership opportunities within the college, the University, and the profession. Career options may include community and/or hospital pharmacy, public service, consulting and long-term care, teaching and research in academia, managed care, pharmaceutical industry, or research careers. 

The University of Iowa's Pharm.D. program synthesizes basic scientific principles and practice through caring and communication in an integrated professional program. The role of a pharmacist ranges from managing medication for individuals to shaping national health care policy. Students learn to manage aspects of practice, to solve problems, make clinical decisions, clearly communicate ideas, practice ethically, and become leaders in their communities and profession. Students study with professors who, in many cases, are pioneering the development of new drugs and defining the appropriate use of others to solve chronic health problems. 

In addition to offering the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree, the professional Certificate in Palliative Care, the Master of Science in pharmacy, the Doctor of Philosophy in pharmacy, and three undergraduate certificates in drug delivery, drug discovery, and drug disposition and metabolism, the College of Pharmacy collaborates with the College of Public Health to offer the combined Doctor of Pharmacy/M.P.H. degree, and with the Graduate College to offer the Doctor of Pharmacy/M.S. in informatics degree.  

College Organization

The College of Pharmacy's faculty and programs are organized in two academic units, each with two divisions. These units provide coursework for the Doctor of Pharmacy curriculum and for the college's graduate programs. 

Pharmacy Practice and Science

Faculty in Pharmacy Practice and Science (PPS) provide expertise and education in the professional practice of pharmacy. They specialize in a wide variety of clinical pharmacy practices; conduct research on patient and population outcomes related to medication therapy; contribute to the scholarship of teaching and learning in pharmacy education; and provide instruction in the pharmacist's professional role and the safe, effective use of medications.

This unit offers Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy curricula in health services research, which encompasses the behavioral, economic, social, and administrative sciences; and elements of pharmacy practice. It offers coursework through its Applied Clinical Sciences Division and its Health Services Research Division.

Applied Clinical Sciences (ACS) Division: Teaching and research in this division focus on the delivery of care and related services to patients and the education of student and resident pharmacists in practice settings. Courses are offered in pharmacotherapy, communication and practice skill development, clinical problem solving, and patient care. Professional practice mentoring and education are provided in introductory and advanced pharmacy practice experiences.

Health Services Research (HSR) Division: Teaching and research in this division involve economic, social, behavioral, and administrative components of pharmacy practice and medication use. Courses are offered on the health care system, practice management, the professional and business aspects of pharmacy practice, and on learning and applying economic and social psychological theories to the study of health services and medication use.

To learn more about the department and its two divisions, visit Pharmacy Practice and Science on the College of Pharmacy website.

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Experimental Therapeutics

Faculty in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Experimental Therapeutics (PSET) provide expertise and education in clinical pharmaceutical sciences, medicinal and natural products chemistry, and pharmaceutics. Their interests include dosage form development and performance, industrial and manufacturing pharmacy, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, and the chemistry of drugs and their action on human systems. This unit offers courses through its Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry Division and its Pharmaceutics and Translational Therapeutics Division.

Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry (MNPC) Division: Coursework in this division relates to understanding the chemistry of drugs and their action on human systems, principles of drug discovery and drug design, natural product chemistry, and biotechnology and genomic strategies for producing new drug molecules. The division's curricula for the M.S. and Ph.D. programs provide abundant opportunities for interface with researchers in other areas, including medicine, pharmacology, biochemistry, chemistry, and pharmaceutics.

Pharmaceutics and Translational Therapeutics (PTT) Division: This division prepares students to become leaders in developing and evaluating drugs, drug products, and drug delivery systems. It offers two M.S. and Ph.D. subprograms: the pharmaceutics subprogram, which focuses on characterization of pharmaceuticals and their component materials, development of delivery systems for optimal human or veterinary use, and the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic evaluation of drug actions and interactions; and the clinical pharmaceutical sciences subprogram, which focuses on investigating drug therapy outcomes in patients and identifying factors responsible for specific drug actions in individual patients, related patient groups, and large patient populations. The division also offers multidisciplinary opportunities with programs in chemistry, engineering, biomedical science, dentistry, and veterinary medicine. Its national and international collaborations enhance the breadth of research activities available to students. 

To learn more about the divisions, visit Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmaceutics and Translational Therapeutics on the College of Pharmacy website.

Pharmacy Building

A new, state-of-the-art building has set the stage for advancements in science and discovery, and for world-class pharmacy education to continue to grow and thrive. Classroom space is designed for collaborative and hands-on learning. The building boasts 16 collaborative research spaces and 23 learning spaces—centers and team rooms with aspects of universal design. In addition, the college has added 16,000 square feet of manufacturing space with a sterile products processing facility.

The original facility, now called the Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Building, continues to house classrooms, labs, offices, and a manufacturing facility.

The College of Pharmacy is located on the University's health sciences campus in close proximity to five professional schools. Students collaborate with expert health care providers at the Carver College of Medicine, and at the Colleges of Dentistry, Nursing, and Public Health. The College of Pharmacy is located in close proximity to University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics, the Bowen Science Building, and the Hardin Library for the Health Sciences.

For more than 125 years, the University of Iowa College of Pharmacy has led the way in educating pharmacists and pharmaceutical scientists. The college is well known for its high quality pharmacy education, advanced practice models, patient care, drug discovery, product development, and contract manufacturing.

University of Iowa Pharmaceuticals

University of Iowa Pharmaceuticals is a pharmaceutical manufacturing facility registered with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that develops pharmaceutical dosage forms and has manufactured clinical supplies in compliance with Good Manufacturing Practices since 1974. University of Iowa Pharmaceuticals has clients worldwide, including pharmaceutical companies, biotechnology firms, medical departments, and government agencies. Its staff works closely with clients and pharmaceutics faculty members to produce virtually every type of pharmaceutical dosage form, supplying new pharmaceutical agents for use in clinical trials and other research. For more information, visit the University of Iowa Pharmaceuticals website.

Students must be enrolled in the College of Pharmacy to enroll in professional-level (Pharm.D.) coursework numbered 8000-9999. Students who meet prerequisite requirements may register for the college’s undergraduate- and graduate-level courses numbered 1100-7999.

College of Pharmacy Courses

PHAR:1000 First-Year Seminar 1 s.h.

Small discussion class taught by a faculty member; topics chosen by instructor; may include outside activities (e.g., films, lectures, performances, readings, visits to research facilities).

PHAR:1100 Introduction to Pharmaceutical Sciences: Drug Development 1-2 s.h.

Introduction to drug discovery, development, and approval pathways used in the United States; specific focus on career pathways related to pharmaceutical development including the natural and biomedical sciences, clinical, regulatory and legal affairs, sales and marketing, and business development.

PHAR:1111 Need a New Drug? 1 s.h.

Introduction to drug discovery, development, and approval process in the United States; focus on preclinical and clinical development activities and role of the FDA and other regulatory bodies in approval and oversight of available drug products.

PHAR:1200 Medicines That Changed or Will Change the World 1 s.h.

Herbal remedies and ancient traditional medicines have led to the discovery of life-saving drug therapies; as science has evolved, how the discovery of other important medicines have come about through advances in chemistry and biology and now through advances in computer science and informatics; students learn about the discovery history of some of the most important drug therapies of the 20th and 21st centuries and how those discoveries are leading to even more important, life-saving treatments.

PHAR:1800 Introduction to Nutraceuticals: Activity and Action 2 s.h.

Introduction to the role and actions of nutritional supplements in health and disease; evidence-based information regarding roles of common nutritional supplements available to consumers. Prerequisites: BIOL:1140 or BIOL:1141 or BIOL:1411 or BIOL:1412.

PHAR:1812 What's in My Medicine Cabinet? An Introduction to Over-the-Counter Medications and Self Care 2 s.h.

Introduction to nonprescription medications for treatment of minor illness and health maintenance; causes, signs, and symptoms of common ailments with information about selection of appropriate over-the-counter therapies and considerations for the need for further care; self-care strategies for disease prevention and wellness.

PHAR:3740 End-of-Life Care for Adults and Families 3 s.h.

End-of-life issues in care of adults, older adults, and their families. Same as ASP:3740, MED:3740, NURS:3740.

PHAR:3994 Undergraduate Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences 1-4 s.h.

Individual scientific research conducted under the guidance of a faculty member.

PHAR:3995 Undergraduate Independent Study 1-4 s.h.

Supervised study. Requirements: enrollment in College of Pharmacy undergraduate certificate program.

PHAR:4146 Drug Disposition and Pharmacokinetics 2 s.h.

Introduction to drug absorption, distribution, and elimination processes controlling overall drug exposure in humans; basic quantitative measurements presented and used to demonstrate the influence of drug properties and physiologic action on drug disposition. Prerequisites: (MATH:1380 or MATH:1460 or MATH:1550 or MATH:1850) and (BIOL:1140 or BIOL:1141 or BIOL:1411 or BIOL:1412) and (STAT:1020 or PSQF:1020 or STAT:1030 or STAT:2010).

PHAR:4480 Introduction to Human Pharmacology 3 s.h.

Basic overview of ligand-receptor theory and pharmacokinetics (e.g., administration, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of drugs); pharmacology of selected drug classes, pathophysiologic aspects of select diseases relevant to drug classes, how different classes of drugs modify pathophysiologic effects to restore health or reduce disease's impact; focus on mechanisms of drug actions in humans; adverse effects, pharmacokinetic considerations, and drug interactions. Prerequisites: HHP:1300 or HHP:3500 or HHP:3550. Requirements: human physiology B.S. majors must complete HHP:3550. Same as HHP:4480.

PHAR:4501 Basic Principles of Toxicology 1 s.h.

Basic principles and mechanisms of toxicology as it relates to drugs and environmental agents. Prerequisites: BIOC:3110.

PHAR:4502 Toxic Agents 1 s.h.

Specific toxicants and toxicity not related to organ systems including carcinogenesis and oxidative stress; clinical toxicology and antidotes. Prerequisites: BIOC:3110.

PHAR:4503 Organ and Organism Toxicity 1 s.h.

How toxicants, such as drugs, interact with organ systems and organisms. Prerequisites: BIOC:3110.

PHAR:4512 Principles of Drug Discovery 3 s.h.

Focus on understanding drug targets as receptors, receptor theory, drug discovery, and new drug approval processes; areas of novel drug target identification, pharmacological characterization of new drugs, G protein coupled receptors as targets, and analysis of drug-receptor interactions. Prerequisites: BIOC:3110.

PHAR:4521 High Throughput Screening in Drug Discovery 1 s.h.

Introduction to high throughput screening (HTS) and its application in pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences; description and use of HTS in identification of biologically active small molecules for use as probes, tool compounds, and drug leads; detection systems, robotic liquid handling instruments, and compound libraries; case studies of HTS approaches used in drug discovery. Prerequisites: (CHEM:2220 or CHEM:2240) and BIOC:3110 or (BIOC:3120 and BIOC:3130). Requirements: one semester of analytical chemistry or analytical biochemistry.

PHAR:4537 Principles of Drug Metabolism 3 s.h.

Principles of drug metabolism based on current knowledge of involved enzymes. Prerequisites: (CHEM:2220 or CHEM:2240) and (BIOC:3120 or BIOC:3110).

PHAR:4700 Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis 4 s.h.

Introduction to the use and selection of analytical methods used to evaluate pharmaceutical products; basic laboratory skills, data analysis, and record keeping. Prerequisites: (CHEM:2220 or CHEM:2240) and (CHEM:2410 or CHEM:2420). Requirements: no prior enrollment in PHAR:5700.

PHAR:4736 Properties of Dosage Forms I 3 s.h.

Introduction to principles of physical and chemical sciences important in drug product development; solubility, colligative properties, and partitioning behavior, as well as ionic equilibria, pH control, and chemical stability are evaluated in context of their importance in liquid dosage forms; emphasis on issues impacting drug product quality. Prerequisites: (CHEM:2220 or CHEM:2240) and (MATH:1460 or MATH:1380 or MATH:1550 or MATH:1850).

PHAR:4737 Properties of Dosage Forms II 3 s.h.

Physical and chemical properties and measurements of materials used in pharmaceuticals; introduction to material properties of drugs and excipients used in development of semi-solid and solid pharmaceuticals; emphasis on material selection, dosage form performance characteristics, and evaluation of drug product quality. Prerequisites: PHAR:4736.

PHAR:4740 Materials in Drug and Gene Delivery 3 s.h.

Different types of materials used in drug and gene delivery including synthetic and natural polymers (poly lactic-co-glycolic acid and chitosan respectively); different forms of delivery systems including (but not limited to) liposomes, micelles, biodegradable nanoparticles, nondegradable nanoparticles, and solid porous scaffolds; applications of these material-based delivery systems from targeted chemotherapy to bone regeneration to vaccination applications.

PHAR:4741 Immunology and Immunotherapies 2 s.h.

Introduction to basics of the immune system and how it protects against infection and disease; in-depth lectures on vaccines against infectious diseases and cancer in terms of their formulations and how they work; focus on past seminal findings, current treatment modalities, and cutting-edge technologies likely to impact future immunotherapeutic strategies.

PHAR:4745 Drug Delivery I arr.

Advanced design and development of drug delivery systems; emphasis on selection of materials and designs suitable for specific applications; comparison and evaluation of available and emerging technologies. Prerequisites: (BIOC:3110 or BIOC:3120) and (MATH:1460 or MATH:1550 or MATH:1850 or MATH:1380) and (CHEM:2220 or CHEM:2240) and PHAR:4737. Corequisites: PHAR:4146 (if not taken as a prerequisite). Requirements: one semester of human anatomy and physiology.

PHAR:4799 Special Topics in Pharmaceutics arr.

Current topics in pharmaceutics. Prerequisites: MATH:2560 and CHEM:4431.

PHAR:4800 Chemical and Biophysical Properties of Drugs 1 s.h.

Introduction to design of drug molecules based on an understanding of drug-like properties including chemical reactivity and structural optimization; minimization of potentially toxic biotransformations; optimization of absorption; screening methods for selection and classification of optimized molecules. Prerequisites: (CHEM:2220 or CHEM:2240) and BIOC:3110 or (BIOC:3120 and BIOC:3130).

PHAR:4850 Upstream Biotechnology Processes 2 s.h.

Introduction to fermentation, fermenter preparation, cell growth and medium requirements, inoculation, sampling, process termination, separation of cells, fermentation case study, enzyme activity, and biocatalysis. Same as CHEM:4850.

PHAR:4851 Radiopharmaceuticals in Diagnostics and Therapy 2 s.h.

Use of radionuclides for diagnosis and monitoring of disease and in development of new therapeutic agents; strategies for provision of effective agents, regulatory processes, and safe handling and administration. Prerequisites: CHEM:2220 or CHEM:2240. Recommendations: one semester of physics, one semester of biology, and one semester of anatomy or physiology.

PHAR:5110 Clinical Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar 1-2 s.h.

Research by faculty, graduate students.

PHAR:5310 Health Services Research Seminar 1-2 s.h.

Recent research in pharmacy administration.

PHAR:5350 Introduction to Research Methods 3 s.h.

Scientific inquiry, experimental design, data collection, statistical methods used in the study of health services and clinical investigations; focus on understanding the research process and evaluating published studies. Recommendations: introductory statistics.

PHAR:5510 Pharmaceutical Sciences and Experimental Therapeutics Seminar 1-2 s.h.

PHAR:5512 Drug Discovery and Mechanisms 3 s.h.

Process of modern drug discovery, focus on high throughput screening strategies, target validation, pharmacological characterization of new compounds; mechanism of drugs targeting G protein coupled receptors, ion channels and transporters, targets in biological systems.

PHAR:5515 Perspectives in MNPC Research 2 s.h.

Contemporary research in medicinal chemistry and natural products.

PHAR:5520 Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry Research arr.

PHAR:5521 High Throughput Screening for Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences 1 s.h.

Broad introduction to high throughput screening (HTS) and its application in pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences; HTS as a modern technology platform integrated with robust detection systems and robotic liquid handling instruments; use of HTS platforms to identify biologically active small organic molecules to validate drug targets, screen compound libraries; identification of biologically active small molecules for use as probes, tool compounds, drug leads; systematic, unbiased, and/or focused hypothesis-based approaches for mechanistic studies in biological and medical sciences. Recommendations: bachelor degree in biochemistry, chemistry, molecular biology, pharmacology, or equivalent.

PHAR:5525 Drug Delivery Systems for Insoluble Compounds 3 s.h.

Specialized disperse systems (e.g., emulsions, nanoemulsions, microemulsions, micelle) used for insoluble systems; introduction to basics of lipid systems to understand behavior in aqueous media when delivered to the body.

PHAR:5530 Pharmaceutical Sciences and Experimental Therapeutics Seminar 1-2 s.h.

PHAR:5537 Enzymatic Basis of Drug Metabolism 3 s.h.

Current literature on catalytic and physical properties, distribution, and substrate specificity of enzymes involved in mammalian drug metabolism. Prerequisites: CHEM:2220.

PHAR:5541 Total Synthesis of Biologically Active Natural Products 3 s.h.

Total synthesis of natural products; use of strategies and tactics for synthetic maneuvering; selectivity of important and complex medicinal compounds; modern chemical methods for construction of carbon-carbon bonds.

PHAR:5542 Biophysical Chemistry II, Module I 1 s.h.

Enzymes as unparalleled catalysts that represent a unique class of drug targets; focus on organic chemistry of enzyme catalyzed reactions and enzyme inhibition by small molecules from a medicinal chemistry perspective; chemical and enzyme kinetics, sources of catalytic power, chemical mechanisms used in enzyme catalysis, role of coenzymes; strategies in enzyme inhibition, drug resistance, drug synergism, reversible enzyme inhibitors, transition state analogs, slow tight binding inhibitors, irreversible inhibition; taken alone or as part of BIOC:5242. Requirements: introductory course in biochemistry. Same as BIOC:5244.

PHAR:5545 Current Medicinal Chemistry 3 s.h.

Modern techniques used in drug discovery; important drug classes, their chemical mechanism of action.

PHAR:5549 Analytical Biochemistry 3 s.h.

Application of modern chromatographic and detection methods used to isolate, characterize, and quantify drugs and macromolecules.

PHAR:5700 Quantitative Research Methods in Pharmacy I 3-4 s.h.

Collection and interpretation of analytical data; instrumental analysis and separation techniques.

PHAR:5702 Clinical Pharmacokinetics 2 s.h.

Fundamental concepts in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics; application in dose regimen optimization and rational drug use.

PHAR:5745 Drug Delivery: Principles and Applications I arr.

Advanced design and development of drug delivery systems with emphasis on selection of materials and designs suitable for specific applications; comparison and evaluation of available and emerging technologies. Prerequisites: (BIOC:3110 or BIOC:3120) and (MATH:3600 or MATH:2560) and (CHEM:2220 or CHEM:2240) and PHAR:4737. Corequisites: PHAR:4146 (if not taken as a prerequisite). Requirements: one semester of human anatomy and physiology.

PHAR:5875 Perspectives in Biocatalysis 1-3 s.h.

Applied enzymology, protein design, structure-activity relationships, biosensor technology, microbial transformations, biodegradation of environmental pollutants. Requirements: graduate standing in a participating department supported by the Predoctoral Training Program in Biotechnology. Same as BIOC:5875, CBE:5875, CEE:5875, CHEM:5875, MICR:5875.

PHAR:6120 Clinical Pharmaceutical Sciences Research arr.

PHAR:6305 Foundation Literature in Health Services Research arr.

Issues related to pharmacy administration, social and behavioral pharmacy, pharmacy education.

PHAR:6320 Health Services Research arr.

PHAR:6330 Models of Patient Behavior and Choice 3 s.h.

Theoretical models used to describe behavior and choice in pharmaceutical socioeconomic research; models from economics, health services research, health behavior, clinical decision making.

PHAR:6331 Models of Provider Behavior and Choice 3 s.h.

Theoretical background for study of provider decision making and behavior; models based on a classic economic approach, models used to study provider behavior.

PHAR:6501 Principles and Mechanisms of Chemical Toxicology 1 s.h.

General principles and basic mechanisms of chemical and pharmaceutical toxicology; drug/toxicant disposition, including biotransformation and bioactivation to electrophiles.

PHAR:6502 Toxic Agents and Concepts in Toxicology 1 s.h.

Specific classes of toxicants and non-organ directed toxicity, including chemical carcinogenesis, oxidative stress, teratogenesis; clinical toxicology, antidotes, methods and models in toxicology.

PHAR:6503 Target-Organ Toxicity 1 s.h.

Role of drugs/toxicants in systems toxicity (target organ); hepatotoxicity, neurotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, and toxic responses of immune system.

PHAR:6700 Advanced Pharmacokinetcs and Pharmacodynamics 3 s.h.

Application of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics principles in pharmaceutical research. Prerequisites: PHAR:8146 or PHAR:4146. Requirements: two semesters of calculus and one semester of statistics.

PHAR:6701 Stability of Pharmaceuticals 3 s.h.

Mechanisms of degradation of pharmaceuticals; prediction of shelf life of pharmaceuticals, stabilization. Prerequisites: CHEM:4432.

PHAR:6706 Equilibria Processes 3 s.h.

Equilibria pertaining to ionic systems, complexation, partitioning, solubility. Prerequisites: CHEM:2220 or CHEM:2240.

PHAR:6710 Pharmaceutics Graduate Seminar 1-2 s.h.

PHAR:6720 Pharmaceutics Research arr.

PHAR:7101 Principles of Experimental Therapeutics 3 s.h.

Introduction to key principles and concepts for research in experimental therapeutics; basic principles related to drug disposition, toxicity, and efficacy.

PHAR:7102 Applied Clinical and Translational Science 3 s.h.

Application of clinical and translational science in a multidisciplinary collaborative environment to develop, conduct, and report research.

PHAR:7331 Analytic Issues in Health Services Research II 3 s.h.

Continuation of HMP:7960; advanced applications, including panel data and qualitative response models. Prerequisites: HMP:7960. Same as HMP:7965.

PHAR:7701 Surface Phenomena arr.

Behavior of matter in phase boundaries, especially adsorptive processes at liquid-solid and vapor-solid interfaces. Prerequisites: CHEM:4431.

PHAR:7703 Transport Phenomena 3 s.h.

Diffusion and mass transport phenomena related to pharmaceutical systems.

PHAR:8130 Foundations of Pharmacy Practice I 4 s.h.

Introduction to contemporary pharmacy practice; small-group discussion, application of core concepts through active hands-on learning approaches; for first-year student pharmacists. Requirements: P1 standing.

PHAR:8131 Engagement: Professional Skills and Values 2 s.h.

Opportunity for student engagement in the College of Pharmacy prior to Professionalism Ceremony; development as a responsible partner in learning process by nurturing collaboration, leadership, service, compassion, community, self development, and social enrichment among students, faculty, and staff. Requirements: P1 standing.

PHAR:8132 Continuing Professional Development 1 s.h.

Engagement with profession of pharmacy and community through service and leadership activities, reflection; use of Continuous Professional Development Cycle (CPD) approach to learning. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8133 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience Career Exploration 1 s.h.

Hands-on exposure to various pharmacist career opportunities in four different pharmacy practice patient care settings; settings include practice areas and rotation types required for P4 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) sites in community pharmacy, hospital pharmacy, ambulatory care/family practice, acute care medicine, and other elective practice settings; work with faculty mentor. Requirements: P1 standing.

PHAR:8134 Foundations of Health Services 3 s.h.

Foundation issues for pharmacist practice related to social, cultural, behavioral, economic, and organization design components of pharmacy care. Requirements: P1 standing.

PHAR:8135 Health Information Retrieval and Informatics 3 s.h.

Introduction and overview of health care information retrieval, organization, and dissemination; retrieval and organization of health information from pharmacy and medical primary and tertiary literature using secondary resources; knowledge and skills to manage, analyze, and legally share health information in electronic health records, pharmacy information systems, and automated systems. Requirements: P1 standing.

PHAR:8136 Foundations of Pharmaceutical Sciences 6 s.h.

Introduction and overview of foundations of pharmaceutical sciences. Requirements: P1 standing.

PHAR:8140 Foundations of Pharmacy Practice II 4 s.h.

Introduction to contemporary pharmacy practice for first-year student pharmacists; classroom methods include small group discussion-based and active hands-on learning approaches where students will apply core concepts.

PHAR:8141 Discovery I: Introduction and Background 3 s.h.

Create and disseminate new knowledge related to pharmacy or health care; broadly based scholarly effort with topics ranging from patient case studies, literature reviews, and analysis of pharmacy practice problems or basic research.

PHAR:8142 Foundations of Health, Wellness, and Disease 2 s.h.

Overview of the basic processes of good health and practices that promote wellness; emphasis on the mechanistic causes of human disease.

PHAR:8146 Foundations of Pharmaceutical Sciences III 2 s.h.

Continuation of PHAR:8137.

PHAR:8147 Foundations of Pharmaceutical Sciences IV 3 s.h.

Continuation of PHAR:8146.

PHAR:8148 Pharmacokinetics and Dose Optimization 2 s.h.

PHAR:8149 Foundations of Pharmacology and Toxicology 3 s.h.

Principles of pharmacology and toxicology.

PHAR:8150 Foundations of Health, Wellness, and Disease 2 s.h.

Overview of basic processes of good health and practices that promote wellness; emphasis on mechanistic causes of human disease.

PHAR:8151 Discovery I: Introduction and Background 3 s.h.

Creation and dissemination of new knowledge related to pharmacy or health care; broadly based scholarly effort with topics ranging from patient case studies, literature reviews, and analysis of pharmacy practice problems or basic research.

PHAR:8152 Fundamentals of Compounding 1 s.h.

Introduction to personalized drug delivery systems through the art of compounding.

PHAR:8153 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Dermatology and Sensory 2 s.h.

Key elements of science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner and focused on particular organ systems or disease states. Requirements: P1 standing.

PHAR:8202 Pharm.D. Learning Portfolio I 1 s.h.

Students demonstrate and document mastery of experiential and didactic coursework and assignments, as well as self-assessment of their progress. Requirements: P2 standing.

PHAR:8205 Student Pharmacist Professionalism 1 s.h.

Participation in activities promoting leadership and professional learning, and service learning; required participation P1 through P3 years.

PHAR:8207 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences Community 3 s.h.

Exposure to the provision of care in a community pharmacy setting; activities focus on those experiences related to the community pharmacy environment, medication distribution, special products and populations, and related professional activities; delivered in set time blocks over winter break and during summer session before or after the P2 year.

PHAR:8209 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences Hospital 3 s.h.

Exposure to the provision of care in a hospital pharmacy setting; activities focus on those experiences related to the hospital pharmacy environment, medication distribution, special products and populations, and related professional activities.

PHAR:8250 Applications of Pharmacy Practice I 1 s.h.

Expands on skills and concepts taught in the foundations of pharmacy practice course series and includes skills relevant to the disease states in the specific aligned component courses; taught using a variety of classroom methods including small-group, discussion-based, and active hands-on learning approaches where students will apply core concepts.

PHAR:8251 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Dermatology and Sensory 3 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8252 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Musculoskeletal 4 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8253 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Genitourinary and Reproductive 3 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8254 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Endocrine 3 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8255 Discovery II: Design and Methods arr.

Create and disseminate new knowledge related to pharmacy or health care with emphasis on design methods and data collection.

PHAR:8260 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Cardiovascular 4 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8261 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Neurology and Psychiatry 4 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8262 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Oncology 3 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8263 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Infectious Diseases 4 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8264 Discovery III: Data Collection and Results 1 s.h.

Create and disseminate new knowledge related to pharmacy or health care with emphasis on data collection and results.

PHAR:8265 Applications of Pharmacy Practice II 1 s.h.

Expands on skills and concepts taught in the foundations of pharmacy practice course series and includes skills relevant to the disease states in the specific integrated pharmacotherapy courses; taught using a variety of classroom methods including small group, discussion-based, and active hands-on learning approaches where students apply core concepts.

PHAR:8300 Introduction to Clinical Pharmacy Practice 1 s.h.

Clinical practice experience observing and participating in clinical activities with P4 students, faculty, and other health care providers. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8301 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience Clinical 1 s.h.

This third IPPE clinical is completed as an introduction to the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) to which student pharmacists are exposed during their P4 year; the IPPE clinical involves a P3 student observing and participating with a P4 student currently on an APPE rotation.

PHAR:8303 Clinical Practice Skills III: Applied Patient Management 2 s.h.

Continuation of PHAR:8302; development of professional skills required for delivery of patient care; patient assessment, clinical decision making, communication (written and oral), teamwork. Corequisites: PHAR:8342. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8306 Pharmacy Practice Lab VI 2 s.h.

Practical application of scientific and clinical knowledge in the provision of patient-centered care; activities include medication therapy management for patients, prescription and self-care counseling, and application of drug information skills. Corequisites: PHAR:8342 and PHAR:8343, if not taken as prerequisites. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8309 Pharmacy Management and Marketing 2 s.h.

Application of management principles to pharmacy practice; marketing techniques for pharmacy practice; operations, human resources, finance, quality improvement and service marketing management.

PHAR:8342 Neurology/Psychiatry Therapeutics 2 s.h.

Pharmacotherapy for psychiatric and neurologic disorders; review of disorders, therapeutic goals, treatment plans, patient counseling, monitoring of patient outcomes. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8343 Infectious Disease Therapeutics 2 s.h.

Pharmacotherapy for infectious diseases; review of disease, therapeutic goals, treatment plans, patient counseling, monitoring of patient outcomes. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8370 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Respiratory and Allergy 3 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8371 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Oncology and Hematology 3 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8372 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Gastroenterology and Nutrition 3 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8373 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Renal, Fluids, and Electrolytes 2 s.h.

Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.

PHAR:8374 Applications of Pharmacy Practice III 1 s.h.

Expands on skills and concepts taught in the foundations of pharmacy practice course series and includes skills relevant to the disease states in the specific aligned component courses; taught using a variety of classroom methods including small group, discussion-based, and active hands-on learning approaches where students apply core concepts.

PHAR:8375 Advanced Topics in Health Services 2 s.h.

Exploration of advanced topics in health service.

PHAR:8376 Discovery IV: Presentation of Results 1 s.h.

Dissemination and presentation of new knowledge related to pharmacy or health care with emphasis on design methods and data collection.

PHAR:8377 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Capstone 4 s.h.

Capstone serves as a culminating academic and research project for students and mentors, integrating all areas of professional discovery.

PHAR:8378 Pharmacy Law and Ethics 2 s.h.

Topics include ethical behavior for pharmacists and student of pharmacy law.

PHAR:8379 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences Preparation 1 s.h.

Guidance provided for advanced pharmacy practice experiences.

PHAR:8380 Learning Portfolio 1 s.h.

Compilation of student work.

PHAR:8387 Capstone: Skills-Based Assessment 1 s.h.

Further development of assessment skills.

PHAR:8400 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience Transitions 1 s.h.

This final IPPE transitions is completed as an introduction to the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) to which student pharmacists are exposed during the P4 year; student pharmacists work alongside a pharmacist preceptor to assist them in making a smooth transition to the APPE curriculum; students identify, collect pertinent information, evaluate, and document a patient case or problem encountered at a pharmacy practice site.

PHAR:8402 Pharm.D. Learning Portfolio II 1 s.h.

Students continue to demonstrate and document mastery of experiential and didactic coursework and assignments, as well as self-assessment of progression. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:8500 Advanced Drug Literature Evaluation and Application 2 s.h.

Critical evaluation, utilization, and clinical application of drug literature.

PHAR:8501 Introduction to Nuclear Pharmacy 2 s.h.

Nuclear pharmacy as a specialty area of pharmacy practice that involves preparation of radioactive materials for patient administration.

PHAR:8502 Advanced Pharmacopalliation of Pain 2 s.h.

Exploration of symptom management across the trajectory of serious illness through a series of longitudinal patient cases.

PHAR:8503 Advanced Pharmacopalliation of Non-Pain Symptoms 3 s.h.

Terminal extubation, terminal agitation, discontinuing life sustaining therapies, and pharmacokinetic and pharmaceutic issues in advanced illness.

PHAR:8504 Sustained Clinical Pharmacy Services 2 s.h.

Pharmacists may find themselves needing to justify their salary, the cost effectiveness of their pharmacy services, or may wish to create a new clinical service; introduction to pharmacists' role in initiating and sustaining clinical services in the ambulatory setting; writing a business plan; identifying and communicating with key stakeholders; finding billable opportunities.

PHAR:8505 Advanced Topics in Infectious Disease, HIV, and Antimicrobial Therapy 2 s.h.

Topics in antimicrobial treatment of infectious diseases beyond those in the required pharmacy curriculum, including topics covered in the infectious disease therapeutics course; lectures, case discussion, class participation, and summary presentations of an uncommon organism or antimicrobial agent.

PHAR:8506 Health Informatics Essentials 2 s.h.

Health informatics as a multidisciplinary field that uses health information technology to improve health care services for patients.

PHAR:8507 Personal and Professional Transformation 2 s.h.

How to maximize personal and professional goals; focus on what students want to achieve in their personal and professional life.

PHAR:8508 Interprofessional Case Studies 2 s.h.

Interdisciplinary collaboration to formulate pharmacologic treatments of common diseases; case-based learning utilized with peer teaching; medical and pharmacy students revisit and share foundational science concepts from their disciplines, including mechanisms of health and disease and principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics; discussions led by students and facilitated with a Carver College of Medicine clinician and a College of Pharmacy clinical pharmacist; students formulate treatment plans using the World Health Organization's six step approach to good prescribing. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8702 Dean's Pharmacy Forum II 2 s.h.

Contemporary issues in pharmacy practice, pharmacy education, and health care.

PHAR:8706 Pharmacy Projects arr.

Basic and applied research problems of pharmaceutical interest.

PHAR:8708 Substance Abuse 2 s.h.

Themes and concepts in substance abuse and treatment; stimulants, depressants, alcohol, opiates, hallucinogenics, steroids; drug abuse prevention and treatment, including dual diagnosis, from cradle to the grave.

PHAR:8709 Pharmacist Role in Health Coaching and Nutrition 2 s.h.

Exploration of pharmacist role in health coaching and nutrition.

PHAR:8712 Nonprescription Pharmacotherapy and Self-Care 2 s.h.

Introduction to nonprescription medications; development of patient assessment and consultation skills; understanding of pharmacist's role in patient self-care. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8717 Ambulatory Care Pharmacy 2 s.h.

Additional experience in the practice of clinical pharmacy; focus on key therapeutic areas where ambulatory care clinical pharmacists currently have a significant impact improving patient care, including anticoagulation management, hyperlipidemia management, and diabetes management; opportunity to develop expertise in clinical decision making, improve problem solving abilities, and continued development in writing and oral presentation skills. Prerequisites: PHAR:8243. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8718 Special Topics in Acute Care 2 s.h.

Pharmacotherapy for common but varied inpatient medicine topics; review of disorder, therapeutic goals, treatment plans, patient education, monitoring; lecture or case-based classes; anticoagulation, hemostasis, diabetic ketoacidosis, ICU overview, hepatic failure, renal replacement therapies, ACLS, antimicrobial and antifungal selection, septic shock, cardiogenic shock, neurogenic shock and neuro/neurosurgical emergencies, burns, sedation.

PHAR:8721 Leadership and Political Advocacy arr.

Contemporary issues in pharmacy; role of leadership and advocacy in shaping profession; becoming effective advocates within political and policy making process; development of advocacy and leadership skills essential to improve self, profession, and community. Requirements: P1, P2, or P3 standing. Recommendations: PHAR:8702 and PHAR:8722.

PHAR:8722 Current Topics in Health Policy 2 s.h.

Legislative process and broad range of current issues in health policy; general- and pharmacy-specific health policy topics at state and federal levels. Requirements: P1, P2, P3, or graduate standing.

PHAR:8723 Infectious Disease for Acute Care Practice 1 s.h.

Contemporary issues related to infectious diseases; unusual pathogens such as Ebola, tropical medicine, bioterrorism, resistance, travel medicine, epidemiology.

PHAR:8724 Hospital Pharmacy Practice Management Elective 2 s.h.

Organizational structure of pharmacy departments in hospitals and health care systems; models for delivery of pharmaceutical care; pharmacy's role in drug-policy decision making; provision of drug information; clinical and distributive pharmacy services; control of pharmacy and pharmacy costs; use of information technology and automation for service delivery; supervisory management; quality improvement. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8725 Career Pathways in Pharmacy 1 s.h.

Career preparation through writing, speaking, reading, and listening; writing résumés, curricula vitae, cover letters; interviewing techniques; electronic portfolios; web-based career information; guest speakers from pharmacy associations, major chains; workshop approach. Requirements: P2 or P3 standing.

PHAR:8790 Sustainable Clinical Pharmacy Services: Leadership, Management, and Implementation 2 s.h.

Practical knowledge and understanding of how to implement and sustain clinical pharmacy services in a variety of practice settings; how to identify outcomes to evaluate the success of ongoing services; students explore the perspective of leadership and management as it pertains to clinical pharmacy services.

PHAR:8791 Survey of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences 1 s.h.

Aspects of drug discovery and development; seminar with guest speakers from industry. Requirements: admission to Pharm.D. program.

PHAR:8792 Spanish for the Pharmacy Profession 2 s.h.

Intermediate to advanced professional Spanish communication skills for the pharmacist. Requirements: one year of college-level Spanish.

PHAR:8793 Introduction to Global Health Studies 1 s.h.

Overview of topics pertaining to international health and cultural diversity in relation to pharmacy and global health; preparation for student pharmacists to become health care practitioners who optimize the health of patients and society; inspires students to advance the profession by fostering collaboration, global and public health leadership, professionalism and civic engagement; introduction and discussion of important topics in global health, focusing specifically on care of the underserved in a global context.

PHAR:8794 Emergency Medicine and Toxicology 2 s.h.

Pharmacology in the world of emergency medicine and toxicology; students learn through lecture, case discussion, class participation, and evaluation of evidence-based medicine literature in emergency medicine and toxicology.

PHAR:8795 Foundations of Palliative Care 2 s.h.

Introduction to palliative care as a public health issue; exploration of the principles and practice of palliative care including interdisciplinary care of the whole person and family, communication, and self care.

PHAR:8796 Introduction to Travel Medicine 1 s.h.

Overview of services provided to travelers to prevent and management conditions that may arise prior to, during, and after international travel; students learn about topics pertaining to each of these areas.

PHAR:8797 Ethics and Spirituality in Health Care 3 s.h.

Case-based examination of ethical issues in caring for patients with serious illness; exploration of suffering, spirituality, death, and dying. Requirements: P2 or P3 standing.

PHAR:8798 Continuing Professional Development in Palliative Care 1 s.h.

Self-directed learning and development in palliative care; creation and implementation of a professional development plan including activities in service, scholarship and education, leadership and advocacy, and self-care and personal resilience.

PHAR:8799 Active Residency Preparation 2 s.h.

Students develop the best understanding of what a residency is, what programs exist, the usual qualifications for placement, and the necessary pathway and components of residency attainment; hands-on experience with preparation process; for pharmacy students interested in pursuing residency training following graduation. Requirements: P3 standing.

PHAR:8811 New Drugs for New Therapies: Introduction to Drug Discovery, Development, and Registration 1-2 s.h.

From "magic bullets" to "personalized medicine," the quest for new drugs to treat disease involves serendipity, science, and business success; through lectures, presentations, readings, and discussion, students will learn how potential new drug therapies are identified and what happens between finding a drug that seems to work and the launch of a commercial drug product.

PHAR:8818 Nutritional Supplements in Health and Disease: Mechanisms and Actions 3 s.h.

Mechanisms of action and current use of common dietary supplements including vitamins, minerals, herbals and botanicals, amino acids, and enzymes; focus on evidence-based approaches to functional use of supplements and their roles in achieving and maintaining health.

PHAR:9401 Ambulatory Care Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience in providing pharmaceutical care in outpatient clinic settings. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9402 Elective Ambulatory Care Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience providing pharmaceutical care in specialty outpatient settings. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9403 Elective Nuclear Pharmacy Rotation 6 s.h.

Practical experience in the handling and clinical use of radiopharmaceuticals. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9404 Community Clinical Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience in the community setting; emphasis on delivery of pharmaceutical care. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9405 Elective Hospice and Palliative Care Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience providing pharmacotherapy for end-of-life care. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9406 Elective: Drug Information Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience applying drug information knowledge to service and research projects. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9407 Elective Family Medicine Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical practice experience applying primary care therapeutics in family medicine practice settings. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9408 Elective Hematology/Oncology Rotation 6 s.h.

Drug therapy management of oncology patients and patients with hematologic malignancies, aplastic anemia, sickle cell disease, hemophilia. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9409 Elective Home Health Care Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience in the team approach to health care delivery, including total parenteral nutrition, chemotherapy, intravenous antibiotics, lab analysis, hospice care, and pain management. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9410 Hospital Pharmacy Rotation 6 s.h.

Instruction and practical experience in various components of hospital pharmacy; emphasis on hospital organization, inpatient and outpatient services, IV admixtures, unit dose, and clinical services. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9411 Elective Long Term Care Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice in consulting and providing services to varied long-term patient care environments. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9412 Elective Managed Care Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience in providing pharmaceutical care or pharmacy-related services in a managed care organization. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9413 Acute Care Medicine Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience applying therapeutic skills for the pharmacotherapeutic management of patients on general medicine or specialty inpatient areas. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9415 Elective: Pediatrics Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience in drug therapy management of general and specialty pediatric patients. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9416 Elective: Pharmacy Rotation 6 s.h.

Selected practice experiences in various pharmacy practice settings. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9417 Elective Psychiatry Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience in the rational use of drugs in psychiatric disorders. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9418 Elective Research Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience in basic pharmaceutical or clinical research; proposal, study design, data collection and analysis, presentation of results. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9419 Elective: Surgery Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience in drug therapy management on a surgery unit. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9420 Elective Pharmacy Practice Underserved Population Rotation 6 s.h.

Opportunity to learn the best practices for pharmaceutical management; approaches to enhance access to and appropriate use of medicines in underserved and resource-limited environments. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9421 Elective Community Management Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice exposure to community pharmacy operations and management at the store, district, or corporate level. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9422 Elective: Compounding/Complementary Alternative Medicine Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical work in a community setting with focus on team approach; experience developing extemporaneous compounds to optimize patient care and/or integrating traditional and nontraditional medicine. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9423 Elective: Critical Care Medicine Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience providing pharmaceutical services to intensive care unit patients. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9424 Elective Emergency Medicine Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience providing pharmaceutical care for patients treated in the emergency department. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9425 Elective Hospital Management Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience in hospital pharmacy operations and management. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9426 Elective Infectious Disease Rotation 6 s.h.

Clinical experience providing pharmacotherapeutic management of patients receiving antimicrobial medications. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9427 Elective Medication Use Evaluation Rotation 6 s.h.

Practical experience in drug use evaluation to improve patient outcomes. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9428 Elective Pharmacy Industry Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience in an area of the pharmaceutical or related industries. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9429 Elective: Pharmacy Regulatory Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience with a pharmacy regulatory body. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9430 Elective: Professional Association Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience in professional association management environment at the state or national level. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9431 Elective: Veterinary Pharmacy Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience in managing drug therapy for animals. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9432 Elective Community Rotation 6 s.h.

Community pharmacy experience emphasizing patient-centered care. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9433 Elective Academic Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience delivering pharmacy education with a College of Pharmacy faculty member. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9434 Elective International Pharmacy Non-Patient Care Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experiences in pharmacy practice outside the United States with a focus on research, health care policy, and/or pharmacy education. Requirements: P4 standing.

PHAR:9435 Administrative Bye Rotation 6 s.h.

PHAR:9436 Elective Transitions of Care Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience consulting and providing services to patients transitioning through different patient care environments.

PHAR:9437 Elective Informatics Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experience in informatics in health care setting.

PHAR:9438 Elective International Pharmacy Patient Care Rotation 6 s.h.

Practice experiences in pharmacy practice outside the United States with a patient care focus.

PHAR:9440 Elective Virtual Rotation 6 s.h.

Experience with disease state management and board preparation; students examine medical literature to answer drug information questions, reflect on current issues facing the medical community, and identify potential solutions to problems for individual patients and populations; activities are intended to guide students toward professional competency. Requirements: P4 standing.