Professional certificate: palliative care
Graduate degrees: M.S. in pharmacy; Ph.D in pharmacy
The hallmarks of a University of Iowa pharmacy degree are patient-centered practice, strong grounding in science and evidence-based practice, exploration of career choices through required and elective courses, and exposure to leadership opportunities within the college, the University, and the profession. Career options may include community and/or hospital pharmacy, public service, consulting and long-term care, teaching and research in academia, managed care, pharmaceutical industry, or research careers.
The University of Iowa's Pharm.D. program synthesizes basic scientific principles and practice through caring and communication in an integrated professional program. The role of a pharmacist ranges from managing medication for individuals to shaping national health care policy. Students learn to manage aspects of practice, to solve problems, make clinical decisions, clearly communicate ideas, practice ethically, and become leaders in their communities and profession. Students study with professors who, in many cases, are pioneering the development of new drugs and defining the appropriate use of others to solve chronic health problems.
In addition to offering the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree, the professional Certificate in Palliative Care, the Master of Science in pharmacy, and the Doctor of Philosophy in pharmacy, the College of Pharmacy collaborates with the College of Public Health to offer the joint Doctor of Pharmacy/M.P.H degree, and with the Tippie College of Business to offer the Doctor of Pharmacy/M.B.A degree.
The College of Pharmacy's faculty and programs are organized in two academic units, each with two divisions. These units provide course work for the Doctor of Pharmacy curriculum and for the college's graduate programs.
Pharmacy Practice and Science
Faculty in Pharmacy Practice and Science (PPS) provide expertise and education in the professional practice of pharmacy. They specialize in a wide variety of clinical pharmacy practices; conduct research on patient and population outcomes related to medication therapy; contribute to the scholarship of teaching and learning in pharmacy education; and provide instruction in the pharmacist's professional role and the safe, effective use of medications.
This unit offers Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy curricula in pharmaceutical socioeconomics, which encompasses the behavioral, economic, social, and administrative sciences; elements of pharmacy practice; and health services research. It offers course work through its Applied Clinical Sciences Division and its Health Services Research Division.
Applied Clinical Sciences (ACS) Division: Teaching and research in this division focus on the delivery of care and related services to patients and the education of student and resident pharmacists in practice settings. Courses are offered in pharmacotherapy, communication and practice skill development, clinical problem solving, and patient care. Professional practice mentoring and education are provided in introductory and advanced pharmacy practice experiences.
Health Services Research (HSR) Division: Teaching and research in this division involve economic, social, behavioral, and administrative components of pharmacy practice and medication use. Courses are offered on the health care system, practice management, the professional and business aspects of pharmacy practice, and on learning and applying economic and social psychological theories to the study of health services and medication use.
To learn more about the department and its two divisions, visit Pharmacy Practice and Science on the College of Pharmacy website.
Pharmaceutical Sciences and Experimental Therapeutics
Faculty in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Experimental Therapeutics (PSET) provide expertise and education in clinical pharmaceutical sciences, medicinal and natural products chemistry, and pharmaceutics. Their interests include dosage form development and performance, industrial and manufacturing pharmacy, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, and the chemistry of drugs and their action on human systems. This unit offers courses through its Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry Division and its Pharmaceutics and Translational Therapeutics Division.
Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry (MNPC) Division: Course work in this division relates to understanding the chemistry of drugs and their action on human systems, principles of drug discovery and drug design, natural product chemistry, and biotechnology and genomic strategies for producing new drug molecules. The division's curricula for the M.S. and Ph.D. programs provide abundant opportunities for interface with researchers in other areas, including medicine, pharmacology, biochemistry, chemistry, and pharmaceutics.
Pharmaceutics and Translational Therapeutics (PTT) Division: This division prepares students to become leaders in developing and evaluating drugs, drug products, and drug delivery systems. It offers two M.S. and Ph.D. subprograms: the pharmaceutics subprogram, which focuses on characterization of pharmaceuticals and their component materials, development of delivery systems for optimal human or veterinary use, and the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic evaluation of drug actions and interactions; and the clinical pharmaceutical sciences subprogram, which focuses on investigating drug therapy outcomes in patients and identifying factors responsible for specific drug actions in individual patients, related patient groups, and large patient populations. The division also offers multidisciplinary opportunities with programs in chemistry, engineering, biomedical science, dentistry, and veterinary medicine. Its national and international collaborations enhance the breadth of research activities available to students.
Professional Program of Study
Graduate Programs of Study
The Pharmacy Building is located on the University's health sciences campus, in close proximity to the Carver College of Medicine, College of Dentistry, College of Nursing, and College of Public Health. Also nearby are University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, the Bowen Science Building, and the Hardin Library for the Health Sciences.
A new, state-of-the art building will set the stage for advancements in science and discovery, and allow world-class pharmacy education to continue to grow and thrive. For more than 125 years, the University of Iowa College of Pharmacy has led the way in educating pharmacists and pharmaceutical scientists. The college is well known for its high quality pharmacy education, advanced practice models, patient care, drug discovery, product development, and contract manufacturing.
With a new facility already underway, Iowa pharmacy will continue to deliver a contemporary pharmacy education and to prepare its graduates to be the health care leaders and scientists of the future.
University of Iowa Pharmaceuticals
University of Iowa Pharmaceuticals is a pharmaceutical manufacturing facility registered with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that develops pharmaceutical dosage forms and has manufactured clinical supplies in compliance with Good Manufacturing Practices since 1974. University of Iowa Pharmaceuticals has clients worldwide, including pharmaceutical companies, biotechnology firms, medical departments, and government agencies. Its staff works closely with clients and pharmaceutics faculty members to produce virtually every type of pharmaceutical dosage form, supplying new pharmaceutical agents for use in clinical trials and other research. For more information, visit the University of Iowa Pharmaceuticals website.
Students must be enrolled in the College of Pharmacy to enroll in professional-level (Pharm.D.) course work (numbered PHAR:8000 through PHAR:9999). Students who meet prerequisite requirements may register for the college’s undergraduate- and graduate-level courses (numbered PHAR:1100 through PHAR:7999).
College of Pharmacy Courses
PHAR:1000 First-Year Seminar1 s.h.
Small discussion class taught by a faculty member; topics chosen by instructor; may include outside activities (e.g., films, lectures, performances, readings, visits to research facilities).
PHAR:1100 Introduction to Pharmaceutical Sciences: Drug Development1-2 s.h.
Introduction to drug discovery, development, and approval pathways used in the United States; specific focus on career pathways related to pharmaceutical development including the natural and biomedical sciences, clinical, regulatory and legal affairs, sales and marketing, and business development.
PHAR:1111 Need a New Drug?1 s.h.
Introduction to drug discovery, development, and approval process in the United States; focus on preclinical and clinical development activities and role of the FDA and other regulatory bodies in approval and oversight of available drug products.
PHAR:1200 Medicines That Changed or Will Change the World1 s.h.
Herbal remedies and ancient traditional medicines have led to the discovery of life-saving drug therapies; as science has evolved, how the discovery of other important medicines have come about through advances in chemistry and biology and now through advances in computer science and informatics; students learn about the discovery history of some of the most important drug therapies of the 20th and 21st centuries and how those discoveries are leading to even more important, life-saving treatments.
PHAR:1800 Introduction to Nutraceuticals: Activity and Action2 s.h.
Introduction to the role and actions of nutritional supplements in health and disease; evidence-based information regarding roles of common nutritional supplements available to consumers. Prerequisites: BIOL:1140 or BIOL:1141 or BIOL:1411 or BIOL:1412.
PHAR:3740 End-of-Life Care for Adults and Families3 s.h.
PHAR:3745 Drug Delivery Iarr.
Advanced design and development of drug delivery systems; emphasis on selection of materials and designs suitable for specific applications; comparison and evaluation of available and emerging technologies. Requirements: introductory-level courses in biochemistry and anatomy/physiology.
PHAR:3994 Undergraduate Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences1-4 s.h.
Individual scientific research conducted under the guidance of a faculty member.
PHAR:4146 Drug Disposition and Pharmacokinetics2 s.h.
Introduction to drug absorption, distribution, and elimination processes controlling overall drug exposure in humans; basic quantitative measurements presented and used to demonstrate the influence of drug properties and physiologic action on drug disposition. Prerequisites: (MATH:1380 or MATH:1460) and (BIOL:1140 or BIOL:1141) and (STAT:1020 or PSQF:1020 or STAT:1030 or STAT:2010).
PHAR:4501 Basic Principles of Toxicology1 s.h.
Basic principles and mechanisms of toxicology as it relates to drugs and environmental agents. Prerequisites: BIOC:3110.
PHAR:4502 Toxic Agents1 s.h.
Specific toxicants and toxicity not related to organ systems including carcinogenesis and oxidative stress; clinical toxicology and antidotes. Prerequisites: BIOC:3110.
PHAR:4503 Organ and Organism Toxicity1 s.h.
How toxicants, such as drugs, interact with organ systems and organisms. Prerequisites: BIOC:3110.
PHAR:4512 Principles of Drug Discovery3 s.h.
Focus on understanding drug targets as receptors, receptor theory, drug discovery, and new drug approval processes; areas of novel drug target identification, pharmacological characterization of new drugs, G protein coupled receptors as targets, and analysis of drug-receptor interactions. Prerequisites: BIOC:3110.
PHAR:4537 Principles of Drug Metabolism3 s.h.
PHAR:4736 Properties of Dosage Forms I2 s.h.
Introduction to principles of physical and chemical sciences important in drug product development; solubility, colligative properties, and partitioning behavior, as well as ionic equilibria, pH control, and chemical stability are evaluated in context of their importance in liquid dosage forms; emphasis on issues impacting drug product quality. Prerequisites: CHEM:2220 and (MATH:1460 or MATH:1380 or MATH:1550 or MATH:1850).
PHAR:4737 Properties of Dosage Forms II2 s.h.
Physical and chemical properties and measurements of materials used in pharmaceuticals; introduction to material properties of drugs and excipients used in development of semi-solid and solid pharmaceuticals; emphasis on material selection, dosage form performance characteristics, and evaluation of drug product quality. Prerequisites: PHAR:4736.
PHAR:4740 Materials in Drug and Gene Delivery3 s.h.
Different types of materials used in drug and gene delivery including synthetic and natural polymers (poly lactic-co-glycolic acid and chitosan respectively); different forms of delivery systems including (but not limited to) liposomes, micelles, biodegradable nanoparticles, nondegradable nanoparticles, and solid porous scaffolds; applications of these material-based delivery systems from targeted chemotherapy to bone regeneration to vaccination applications.
PHAR:4745 Drug Delivery Iarr.
Advanced design and development of drug delivery systems; emphasis on selection of materials and designs suitable for specific applications; comparison and evaluation of available and emerging technologies. Prerequisites: (BIOC:3110 or BIOC:3120) and (MATH:3600 or MATH:2560) and (CHEM:2220 or CHEM:2240) and PHAR:4146 and PHAR:4737. Requirements: one semester of human anatomy and physiology.
PHAR:4799 Special Topics in Pharmaceuticsarr.
PHAR:5110 Clinical Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar1-2 s.h.
Research by faculty, graduate students.
PHAR:5310 Pharmaceutical Socioeconomics Seminar1-2 s.h.
Recent research in pharmacy administration.
PHAR:5350 Introduction to Research Methods3 s.h.
Scientific inquiry, experimental design, data collection, statistical methods used in the study of health services and clinical investigations; focus on understanding the research process and evaluating published studies. Recommendations: introductory statistics.
PHAR:5510 Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry Seminar1-2 s.h.
PHAR:5512 Drug Discovery and Mechanisms3 s.h.
Process of modern drug discovery, focus on high throughput screening strategies, target validation, pharmacological characterization of new compounds; mechanism of drugs targeting G protein coupled receptors, ion channels and transporters, targets in biological systems.
PHAR:5515 Perspectives in MNPC Research2 s.h.
Contemporary research in medicinal chemistry and natural products.
PHAR:5520 Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry Researcharr.
PHAR:5521 High Throughput Screening for Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences1 s.h.
Broad introduction to high throughput screening (HTS) and its application in pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences; HTS as a modern technology platform integrated with robust detection systems and robotic liquid handling instruments; use of HTS platforms to identify biologically active small organic molecules to validate drug targets, screen compound libraries; identification of biologically active small molecules for use as probes, tool compounds, drug leads; systematic, unbiased, and/or focused hypothesis-based approaches for mechanistic studies in biological and medical sciences. Recommendations: bachelor degree in biochemistry, chemistry, molecular biology, pharmacology, or equivalent.
PHAR:5537 Enzymatic Basis of Drug Metabolism3 s.h.
Current literature on catalytic and physical properties, distribution, and substrate specificity of enzymes involved in mammalian drug metabolism. Prerequisites: CHEM:2220.
PHAR:5541 Total Synthesis of Natural Products3 s.h.
Total synthesis of natural products; use of strategies, tactics, efficiency, selectivity, synthetic maneuvering.
PHAR:5542 Biophysical Chemistry II, Module I1 s.h.
Enzymes as unparalleled catalysts that represent a unique class of drug targets; focus on organic chemistry of enzyme catalyzed reactions and enzyme inhibition by small molecules from a medicinal chemistry perspective; chemical and enzyme kinetics, sources of catalytic power, chemical mechanisms used in enzyme catalysis, role of coenzymes; strategies in enzyme inhibition, drug resistance, drug synergism, reversible enzyme inhibitors, transition state analogs, slow tight binding inhibitors, irreversible inhibition; taken alone or as part of BIOC:5242. Requirements: introductory course in biochemistry. Same as BIOC:5244.
PHAR:5545 Current Medicinal Chemistry3 s.h.
Modern techniques used in drug discovery; important drug classes, their chemical mechanism of action.
PHAR:5549 Analytical Biochemistry3 s.h.
Application of modern chromatographic and detection methods used to isolate, characterize, and quantify drugs and macromolecules.
PHAR:5550 Synthetic Strategies in Medicinal Chemistry3 s.h.
Modern chemical methods for construction of carbon-carbon bonds commonly used in synthesis of natural products; strategic disconnections for the syntheses of these molecules.
PHAR:5700 Quantitative Research Methods in Pharmacy I3-4 s.h.
Collection and interpretation of analytical data; instrumental analysis and separation techniques.
PHAR:5702 Basic Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics2 s.h.
Fundamental concepts in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics; application in dose regimen optimization and rational drug use.
PHAR:5745 Drug Delivery: Principles and Applications Iarr.
Advanced design and development of drug delivery systems with emphasis on selection of materials and designs suitable for specific applications; comparison and evaluation of available and emerging technologies.
PHAR:5746 Drug Delivery: Principles and Applications IIarr.
PHAR:5875 Perspectives in Biocatalysis1-3 s.h.
Applied enzymology, protein design, structure-activity relationships, biosensor technology, microbial transformations, biodegradation of environmental pollutants. Requirements: graduate standing in a participating department supported by the Predoctoral Training Program in Biotechnology. Same as BIOC:5875, CBE:5875, CEE:5875, CHEM:5875, MICR:5875.
PHAR:6120 Clinical Pharmaceutical Sciences Researcharr.
PHAR:6305 Foundation Literature in Pharmaceutical Socioeconomicsarr.
Issues related to pharmacy administration, social and behavioral pharmacy, pharmacy education.
PHAR:6320 Pharmaceutical Socioeconomics Researcharr.
PHAR:6330 Models of Patient Behavior and Choice3 s.h.
Theoretical models used to describe behavior and choice in pharmaceutical socioeconomic research; models from economics, health services research, health behavior, clinical decision making.
PHAR:6331 Models of Provider Behavior and Choice3 s.h.
Theoretical background for study of provider decision making and behavior; models based on a classic economic approach, models used to study provider behavior.
PHAR:6501 Principles and Mechanisms of Chemical Toxicology1 s.h.
General principles and basic mechanisms of chemical and pharmaceutical toxicology; drug/toxicant disposition, including biotransformation and bioactivation to electrophiles.
PHAR:6502 Toxic Agents and Concepts in Toxicology1 s.h.
Specific classes of toxicants and non-organ directed toxicity, including chemical carcinogenesis, oxidative stress, teratogenesis; clinical toxicology, antidotes, methods and models in toxicology.
PHAR:6503 Target-Organ Toxicity1 s.h.
Role of drugs/toxicants in systems toxicity (target organ); hepatotoxicity, neurotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, and toxic responses of immune system.
PHAR:6700 Advanced Pharmacokinetcs and Pharmacodynamics3 s.h.
Application of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics principles in pharmaceutical research. Requirements: two semesters of calculus and one semester of statistics.
PHAR:6701 Stability of Pharmaceuticals3 s.h.
Mechanisms of degradation of pharmaceuticals; prediction of shelf life of pharmaceuticals, stabilization. Prerequisites: CHEM:4432.
PHAR:6706 Equilibria Processes3 s.h.
Equilibria pertaining to ionic systems, complexation, partitioning, solubility. Prerequisites: CHEM:4431.
PHAR:6710 Pharmaceutics Graduate Seminar1-2 s.h.
PHAR:6720 Pharmaceutics Researcharr.
PHAR:7100 Translational Research and Clinical Drug Development3 s.h.
Clinical drug development; preclinical studies and clinical trials; phase I, II, and III clinical trials, including regulatory considerations.
PHAR:7101 Principles of Experimental Therapeutics3 s.h.
Introduction to key principles and concepts for research in experimental therapeutics; basic principles related to drug disposition, toxicity, and efficacy.
PHAR:7102 Applied Clinical and Translational Science3 s.h.
Application of clinical and translational science in a multidisciplinary collaborative environment to develop, conduct, and report research.
PHAR:7331 Analytic Issues in Health Services Research II3 s.h.
PHAR:7701 Surface Phenomena2 s.h.
Behavior of matter in phase boundaries, especially adsorptive processes at liquid-solid and vapor-solid interfaces. Prerequisites: CHEM:4431.
PHAR:7702 Transport Phenomena3 s.h.
Diffusion and mass transport phenomena related to pharmaceutical systems. Prerequisites: CHEM:4431.
PHAR:8100 Introduction to Pharmacy Practice1 s.h.
Exposure to the pharmacy profession through varied shadowing experiences in practice settings. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8102 Pharmacy Practice Lab II2 s.h.
Practical application of scientific and clinical knowledge used in the provision of pharmaceutical care; activities include prescription compounding, pharmacy calculations, communication skills, prescription counseling, and applications of drug information skills through secondary searching of the primary literature. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8103 Fundamentals of Evaluating Clinical Research1 s.h.
Basic concepts for evaluation of clinical trials published in primary biomedical and pharmacy literature; design, methods, outcomes, statistical analysis, and generalizability of results. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8104 Pharmacy Law and Ethics2 s.h.
Legal and moral aspects involved in the practice of pharmacy. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8105 Social Aspects of Pharmacy Care2 s.h.
Conceptual issues related to social and behavioral components of pharmacy care; social construction of health and illness, medication use process, health communications, cultural competence, health disparities, public health. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8111 Pharmaceutics I: Solutions4 s.h.
Application of physical and chemical principles to formulation, preparation of liquid dosage forms, including solution, colloids, ointments, emulsions. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8112 Pharmaceutics II: Solids and Semi-Solids4 s.h.
Properties of solids; formulation, preparation, evaluation of solid dosage forms. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8121 Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry I: Biotechnology and Chemotherapy3 s.h.
Organic and inorganic medicinal and therapeutic agents of natural and synthetic origin; physical, chemical, biological, and biochemical properties as they relate to medicinal and therapeutic effects; comparative biological activity and toxicity; detoxication mechanisms; functional group chemistry; nomenclature; chemistry of radiodiagnostic and therapeutic agents; introduction to biopharmaceutical analysis. First in a three-course sequence. Prerequisites: CHEM:2220 and MICR:3112. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8122 Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry II: Pharmacodynamic Agents3 s.h.
Medicinal chemistry of pharmacodynamic agents; introduction to peptides and proteins, thyroid hormone, diabetes, vaccines, gene therapeutics, NSAIDs, cardiovascular drugs, antihistamines, anticancer drugs. Second in a three-course sequence. Prerequisites: PHAR:8121. Requirements: P2 standing.
PHAR:8123 Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry III: Medicinal Neurochemistry3 s.h.
Receptor site theory; steroids, lipids, and prostaglandins; sedatives and hypnotics; drugs of abuse; cholinergics; excitatory amino acids and anticonvulsants; major analgesics; adrenergics; psychotherapeutics. Third in a three-course sequence. Prerequisites: PHAR:8121 and PHAR:8122. Requirements: P2 standing.
PHAR:8130 Foundations of Pharmacy Practice I4 s.h.
Introduction to contemporary pharmacy practice; small-group discussion, application of core concepts through active hands-on learning approaches; for first-year student pharmacists. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8131 Professional Engagement1 s.h.
Opportunity for student engagement in the College of Pharmacy prior to Professionalism Ceremony; development as a responsible partner in learning process by nurturing collaboration, leadership, service, compassion, community, self development, and social enrichment among students, faculty, and staff. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8132 Continuing Professional Development1 s.h.
Engagement with profession of pharmacy and community through service and leadership activities, reflection; use of Continuous Professional Development Cycle (CPD) approach to learning. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8133 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience Career Exploration1 s.h.
Hands-on exposure to various pharmacist career opportunities in four different pharmacy practice patient care settings; settings include practice areas and rotation types required for P4 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) sites in community pharmacy, hospital pharmacy, ambulatory care/family practice, acute care medicine, and other elective practice settings; work with faculty mentor. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8134 Foundations of Health Services3 s.h.
Foundation issues for pharmacist practice related to social, cultural, behavioral, economic, and organization design components of pharmacy care. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8135 Health Information Retrieval and Informatics3 s.h.
Introduction and overview of health care information retrieval, organization, and dissemination; retrieval and organization of health information from pharmacy and medical primary and tertiary literature using secondary resources; knowledge and skills to manage, analyze, and legally share health information in electronic health records, pharmacy information systems, and automated systems. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8136 Foundations of Pharmaceutical Sciences I3 s.h.
Introduction and overview of foundations of pharmaceutical sciences. Requirements: P1 standing.
PHAR:8137 Foundations of Pharmaceutical Sciences II2 s.h.
Introduction and overview of foundations of pharmaceutical sciences. Recommendations: P1 standing.
PHAR:8140 Foundations of Pharmacy Practice II4 s.h.
Introduction to contemporary pharmacy practice for first-year student pharmacists; classroom methods include small group discussion-based and active hands-on learning approaches where students will apply core concepts.
PHAR:8141 Discovery: Introduction and Background3 s.h.
Create and disseminate new knowledge related to pharmacy or health care; broadly-based scholarly effort with topics ranging from patient case studies, literature reviews, and analysis of pharmacy practice problems or basic research.
PHAR:8142 Foundations of Health, Wellness, and Disease2 s.h.
Overview of the basic processes of good health and practices that promote wellness; emphasis on the mechanistic causes of human disease.
PHAR:8200 Introduction to Community Pharmacy Practice3 s.h.
Exposure to community pharmacy through activities focusing on drug distribution, legal requirements, communication, patient interaction; during breaks in P2 year. Requirements: P2 standing.
PHAR:8201 Clinical Practice Skills I: Theory and Application2 s.h.
Exploration and development of professional skills required for delivery of patient care; patient assessment, clinical decision making, communication (written and oral), teamwork. Corequisites: PHAR:8242.
PHAR:8203 Pharmacy Practice Lab III2 s.h.
Practical application of scientific and clinical knowledge in the provision of patient-centered care; activities include prescription interpretation and counseling, compounding, applications of drug information, use of patient screening tools, physical assessment, and pharmacy law. Corequisites: PHAR:8240 and PHAR:8241, if not taken as prerequisites.
PHAR:8204 Pharmacy Practice Lab IV2 s.h.
Practical application of scientific and clinical knowledge in the provision of patient-centered care; activities include providing medication therapy management for patients, prescription and self-care counseling, and application of drug information skills. Corequisites: PHAR:8242 and PHAR:8243, if not taken as prerequisites. Requirements: P2 standing.
PHAR:8205 Student Pharmacist Professionalism1 s.h.
Participation in activities promoting leadership and professional learning, and service learning; required participation P1 through P3 years.
PHAR:8206 Introduction to Hospital Pharmacy Practice2 s.h.
Exposure to hospital pharmacy through activities focusing on drug distribution, legal requirements, communication, patient interaction; during breaks in P2 year. Requirements: P2 standing.
PHAR:8207 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences Community3 s.h.
Exposure to the provision of care in a community pharmacy setting; activities focus on those experiences related to the community pharmacy environment, medication distribution, special products and populations, and related professional activities; delivered in set time blocks over winter break and during summer session before or after the P2 year.
PHAR:8208 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences Hospital 802 s.h.
Exposure to the provision of care in a hospital pharmacy setting; activities focus on those experiences related to the hospital pharmacy environment, medication distribution, special products and populations, and related professional activities.
PHAR:8209 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences Hospital3 s.h.
Exposure to the provision of care in a hospital pharmacy setting; activities focus on those experiences related to the hospital pharmacy environment, medication distribution, special products and populations, and related professional activities.
PHAR:8213 Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutics3 s.h.
Qualitative and quantitative description of kinetics of drug absorption, distribution, and elimination, including physiological factors that influence each process; adjustment of dosing regimens for optimizing therapeutic drug levels in the body; dosing considerations in special populations.
PHAR:8230 Clinical Pharmacokinetics3 s.h.
Application of pharmacokinetics to the clinical setting. Requirements: P2 standing.
PHAR:8240 Introduction to Therapeutics/Special Populations2 s.h.
Treatment modalities that promote health and treat common diseases; common laboratory and diagnostic procedures used to diagnose and monitor diseases; basic types of adverse drug reactions. Requirements: P2 standing.
PHAR:8241 Endocrinology, Ophthalmology, Women's and Men's Health Therapeutics2 s.h.
Pharmacotherapy for endocrine and ophthalmologic disorders; review of disorders, treatment goals, treatment plans, patient counseling, monitoring of patient outcomes. Requirements: P2 standing.
PHAR:8242 Respiratory and Dermatologic Therapeutics2 s.h.
Pharmacotherapy for respiratory and dermatology disorders; review of disorders, treatment goals, treatment plans, patient counseling, monitoring of patient outcomes. Requirements: P2 standing.
PHAR:8243 Cardiovascular Therapeutics2 s.h.
Pharmacotherapy for cardiovascular disorders; review of disorders, treatment goals, treatment plans, patient counseling, monitoring of patient outcomes. Requirements: P2 standing.
PHAR:8250 Applications of Pharmacy Practice I1 s.h.
Expands on skills and concepts taught in the foundations of pharmacy practice course series and includes skills relevant to the disease states in the specific aligned component courses; taught using a variety of classroom methods including small-group, discussion-based, and active hands-on learning approaches where students will apply core concepts.
PHAR:8251 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Dermatology and Sensory3 s.h.
Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.
PHAR:8252 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Musculoskeletal3 s.h.
Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.
PHAR:8253 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Genitourinary and Reproductive3 s.h.
Key elements of the science and practice of pharmacy presented in an integrated manner focused on particular organ systems or disease states.
PHAR:8254 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Endocrine3 s.h.
PHAR:8255 Discovery II: Design and Methodsarr.
Create and disseminate new knowledge related to pharmacy or health care with emphasis on design methods and data collection.
PHAR:8260 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Cardiovascular4 s.h.
PHAR:8261 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Neurology and Psychiatry4 s.h.
PHAR:8262 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Oncology3 s.h.
PHAR:8263 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Infectious Diseases4 s.h.
PHAR:8264 Discovery III: Data Collection and Results1 s.h.
Create and disseminate new knowledge related to pharmacy or health care with emphasis on data collection and results.
PHAR:8265 Applications of Pharmacy Practice II1 s.h.
Expands on skills and concepts taught in the foundations of pharmacy practice course series and includes skills relevant to the disease states in the specific integrated pharmacotherapy courses; taught using a variety of classroom methods including small group, discussion-based, and active hands-on learning approaches where students apply core concepts.
PHAR:8300 Introduction to Clinical Pharmacy Practice1 s.h.
Clinical practice experience observing and participating in clinical activities with P4 students, faculty, and other health care providers. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8301 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience Clinical1 s.h.
This third IPPE clinical is completed as an introduction to the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) to which student pharmacists are exposed during their P4 year; the IPPE clinical involves a P3 student observing and participating with a P4 student currently on an APPE rotation.
PHAR:8302 Clinical Practice Skills II: Critical Patient Analysis2 s.h.
Continuation of PHAR:8201; development of professional skills required for delivery of patient care; patient assessment, clinical decision making, communication (written and oral) skills. Corequisites: PHAR:8340. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8303 Clinical Practice Skills III: Applied Patient Management2 s.h.
Continuation of PHAR:8302; development of professional skills required for delivery of patient care; patient assessment, clinical decision making, communication (written and oral), teamwork. Corequisites: PHAR:8342. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8305 Pharmacy Practice Lab V2 s.h.
Practical application of scientific and clinical knowledge in the provision of patient-centered care; activities include medication therapy management for patients, prescription and self-care counseling, and application of drug information skills. Corequisites: PHAR:8340 and PHAR:8341, if not taken as prerequisites.
PHAR:8306 Pharmacy Practice Lab VI2 s.h.
Practical application of scientific and clinical knowledge in the provision of patient-centered care; activities include medication therapy management for patients, prescription and self-care counseling, and application of drug information skills. Corequisites: PHAR:8342 and PHAR:8343, if not taken as prerequisites. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8308 Pharmaceutical Economics and Insurance3 s.h.
Financing of health care in the U.S.; insurance and reimbursement in pharmacy and pharmacoeconomics. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8309 Pharmacy Management and Marketing2 s.h.
Application of management principles to pharmacy practice; marketing techniques for pharmacy practice; operations, human resources, finance, quality improvement and service marketing management.
PHAR:8313 Drug Literature Evaluation2 s.h.
Study design methods, drug information techniques and skills; skill development in critical analysis and evaluation of published reports of drug use and drug trials, assessment of validity of reports, trials and studies, assessment of generalizability of results to individual patients and patient groups; laboratory experience in biomedical literature analysis, evaluation.
PHAR:8340 FEN, GI, and Renal Therapeutics2 s.h.
Pharmacotherapy for fluid/electrolyte/nutrition disorders; gastrointestinal and renal diseases; review of disorders, treatment goals, treatment plans, patient counseling, monitoring of patient outcomes. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8341 Rheumatology, Immunology, Hematology, Oncology, and Transplantation Therapeutics2 s.h.
Pharmacotherapy for rheumatology, immunology, hematology, oncology, and transplantation; review of disorders, treatment goals, treatment plans, patient counseling, monitoring of patient outcomes. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8342 Neurology/Psychiatry Therapeutics2 s.h.
Pharmacotherapy for psychiatric and neurologic disorders; review of disorders, therapeutic goals, treatment plans, patient counseling, monitoring of patient outcomes. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8343 Infectious Disease Therapeutics2 s.h.
Pharmacotherapy for infectious diseases; review of disease, therapeutic goals, treatment plans, patient counseling, monitoring of patient outcomes. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8370 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Respiratory and Allergy3 s.h.
PHAR:8371 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Oncology and Hematology3 s.h.
PHAR:8372 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Gastroenterology and Nutrition3 s.h.
PHAR:8373 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Renal, Fluids, and Electrolytes2 s.h.
PHAR:8374 Applications of Pharmacy Practice III1 s.h.
Expands on skills and concepts taught in the foundations of pharmacy practice course series and includes skills relevant to the disease states in the specific aligned component courses; taught using a variety of classroom methods including small group, discussion-based, and active hands-on learning approaches where students apply core concepts.
PHAR:8375 Advanced Topics in Health Services2 s.h.
Exploration of advanced topics in health service.
PHAR:8376 Discovery IV: Presentation of Results1 s.h.
Dissemination and presentation of new knowledge related to pharmacy or health care with emphasis on design methods and data collection.
PHAR:8377 Integrated Pharmacotherapy: Capstone3 s.h.
Capstone serves as a culminating academic and research project for students and mentors, integrating all areas of professional discovery.
PHAR:8378 Pharmacy Law and Ethics2 s.h.
Topics include ethical behavior for pharmacists and student of pharmacy law.
PHAR:8379 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences Preparation1 s.h.
Guidance provided for advanced pharmacy practice experiences.
PHAR:8380 Learning Portfolio1 s.h.
Compilation of student work.
PHAR:8387 Capstone: Skills-Based Assessment1 s.h.
Further development of assessment skills.
PHAR:8400 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience Transitions1 s.h.
This final IPPE transitions is completed as an introduction to the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) to which student pharmacists are exposed during the P4 year; student pharmacists work alongside a pharmacist preceptor to assist them in making a smooth transition to the APPE curriculum; students identify, collect pertinent information, evaluate, and document a patient case or problem encountered at a pharmacy practice site.
PHAR:8500 Advanced Drug Literature Evaluation and Application2 s.h.
Critical evaluation, utilization, and clinical application of drug literature.
PHAR:8501 Introduction to Nuclear Pharmacy2 s.h.
Nuclear pharmacy as a specialty area of pharmacy practice that involves preparation of radioactive materials for patient administration.
PHAR:8502 Advanced Pharmacopalliation of Pain2 s.h.
Exploration of symptom management across the trajectory of serious illness through a series of longitudinal patient cases.
PHAR:8503 Advanced Pharmacopalliation of Non-Pain Symptoms3 s.h.
Terminal extubation, terminal agitation, discontinuing life sustaining therapies, and pharmacokinetic and pharmaceutic issues in advanced illness.
PHAR:8504 Sustained Clinical Pharmacy Services2 s.h.
Pharmacists may find themselves needing to justify their salary, the cost effectiveness of their pharmacy services, or may wish to create a new clinical service; introduction to pharmacists' role in initiating and sustaining clinical services in the ambulatory setting; writing a business plan; identifying and communicating with key stakeholders; finding billable opportunities.
PHAR:8505 Advanced Topics in Infectious Disease, HIV, and Antimicrobial Therapy2 s.h.
Topics in antimicrobial treatment of infectious diseases beyond those in the required pharmacy curriculum, including topics covered in the infectious disease therapeutics course; lectures, case discussion, class participation, and summary presentations of an uncommon organism or antimicrobial agent.
PHAR:8506 Health Informatics Essentials2 s.h.
Health informatics as a multidisciplinary field that uses health information technology to improve health care services for patients.
PHAR:8507 Personal and Professional Transformation2 s.h.
How to maximize personal and professional goals; focus on what students want to achieve in their personal and professional life.
PHAR:8702 Dean's Pharmacy Forum II2 s.h.
Contemporary issues in pharmacy practice, pharmacy education, and health care.
PHAR:8706 Pharmacy Projectsarr.
Basic and applied research problems of pharmaceutical interest.
PHAR:8708 Substance Abuse2 s.h.
Themes and concepts in substance abuse and treatment; stimulants, depressants, alcohol, opiates, hallucinogenics, steroids; drug abuse prevention and treatment, including dual diagnosis, from cradle to the grave.
PHAR:8712 Nonprescription Pharmacotherapy and Self-Care2 s.h.
Introduction to nonprescription medications; development of patient assessment and consultation skills; understanding of pharmacist's role in patient self-care. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8715 Health Disparities and Cultural Competence2-4 s.h.
Characteristics, causes, and effects of health disparities in the U.S. health care system; foundation for development of knowledge, attitudes, and skills required of culturally competent health care providers; definitions and models of cultural competence, characteristics of culturally effective practitioners and workplaces; health disparities among specific populations, evidence for cultural competence as a remedy; taking a culturally appropriate history; working with interpreters; legal and professional imperatives for cultural competence. Same as NURS:3715.
PHAR:8717 Ambulatory Care Pharmacy2 s.h.
Additional experience in the practice of clinical pharmacy; focus on key therapeutic areas where ambulatory care clinical pharmacists currently have a significant impact improving patient care, including anticoagulation management, hyperlipidemia management, and diabetes management; opportunity to develop expertise in clinical decision making, improve problem solving abilities, and continued development in writing and oral presentation skills. Prerequisites: PHAR:8241 and PHAR:8243. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8718 Special Topics in Acute Care2 s.h.
Pharmacotherapy for common but varied inpatient medicine topics; review of disorder, therapeutic goals, treatment plans, patient education, monitoring; lecture or case-based classes; anticoagulation, hemostasis, diabetic ketoacidosis, ICU overview, hepatic failure, renal replacement therapies, ACLS, antimicrobial and antifungal selection, septic shock, cardiogenic shock, neurogenic shock and neuro/neurosurgical emergencies, burns, sedation.
PHAR:8719 Overview of Pediatric Pharmacotherapy2 s.h.
PHAR:8721 Leadership and Political Advocacyarr.
Contemporary issues in pharmacy; role of leadership and advocacy in shaping profession; becoming effective advocates within political and policy making process; development of advocacy and leadership skills essential to improve self, profession, and community. Requirements: P1, P2, or P3 standing. Recommendations: PHAR:8702 and PHAR:8722.
PHAR:8722 Current Topics in Health Policy2 s.h.
Legislative process and broad range of current issues in health policy; general- and pharmacy-specific health policy topics at state and federal levels. Requirements: P1, P2, P3, or graduate standing.
PHAR:8723 Infectious Disease for Acute Care Practice1 s.h.
Contemporary issues related to infectious diseases; unusual pathogens such as Ebola, tropical medicine, bioterrorism, resistance, travel medicine, epidemiology.
PHAR:8724 Hospital Pharmacy Practice Management Elective2 s.h.
Organizational structure of pharmacy departments in hospitals and health care systems; models for delivery of pharmaceutical care; pharmacy's role in drug-policy decision making; provision of drug information; clinical and distributive pharmacy services; control of pharmacy and pharmacy costs; use of information technology and automation for service delivery; supervisory management; quality improvement. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8725 Career Pathways in Pharmacy1 s.h.
Career preparation through writing, speaking, reading, and listening; writing résumés, curricula vitae, cover letters; interviewing techniques; electronic portfolios; web-based career information; guest speakers from pharmacy associations, major chains; workshop approach. Requirements: P3 standing.
PHAR:8788 International Perspectives: Xicotepec2-3 s.h.
Introduction to providing service to a community in a less developed country; student projects intended to improve community life in Xicotepec. Requirements: P3 standing. Same as CEE:4788, GHS:4126, THTR:4265.
PHAR:8790 Topics in Community Pharmacy Management2 s.h.
Focus on building practical knowledge and understanding of business principles.
PHAR:8791 Survey of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences1 s.h.
Aspects of drug discovery and development; seminar with guest speakers from industry. Requirements: admission to Pharm.D. program.
PHAR:8792 Spanish for the Pharmacy Profession2 s.h.
Intermediate to advanced professional Spanish communication skills for the pharmacist. Requirements: one year of college-level Spanish.
PHAR:8793 Introduction to Global Health Studies1 s.h.
Overview of topics pertaining to international health and cultural diversity in relation to pharmacy and global health; preparation for student pharmacists to become health care practitioners who optimize the health of patients and society; inspires students to advance the profession by fostering collaboration, global and public health leadership, professionalism and civic engagement; introduction and discussion of important topics in global health, focusing specifically on care of the underserved in a global context.
PHAR:8794 Emergency Medicine and Toxicology2 s.h.
Pharmacology in the world of emergency medicine and toxicology; students learn through lecture, case discussion, class participation, and evaluation of evidence-based medicine literature in emergency medicine and toxicology.
PHAR:8795 Foundations of Palliative Care2 s.h.
Introduction to palliative care as a public health issue; exploration of the principles and practice of palliative care including interdisciplinary care of the whole person and family, communication, and self care.
PHAR:8796 Introduction to Travel Medicine1 s.h.
Overview of services provided to travelers to prevent and management conditions that may arise prior to, during, and after international travel; students learn about topics pertaining to each of these areas.
PHAR:8797 Ethics and Spirituality in Health Care3 s.h.
Case-based examination of ethical issues in caring for patients with serious illness; exploration of suffering, spirituality, death, and dying. Requirements: P2 or P3 standing.
PHAR:8798 Continuing Professional Development in Palliative Care1 s.h.
Self-directed learning and development in palliative care; creation and implementation of a professional development plan including activities in service, scholarship and education, leadership and advocacy, and self-care and personal resilience.
PHAR:8811 New Drugs for New Therapies: Introduction to Drug Discovery, Development, and Registration1-2 s.h.
From "magic bullets" to "personalized medicine," the quest for new drugs to treat disease involves serendipity, science, and business success; through lectures, presentations, readings, and discussion, students will learn how potential new drug therapies are identified and what happens between finding a drug that seems to work and the launch of a commercial drug product.
PHAR:8818 Nutritional Supplements in Health and Disease: Mechanisms and Actions3 s.h.
Mechanisms of action and current use of common dietary supplements including vitamins, minerals, herbals and botanicals, amino acids, and enzymes; focus on evidence-based approaches to functional use of supplements and their roles in achieving and maintaining health.
PHAR:9401 Ambulatory Care Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience in providing pharmaceutical care in outpatient clinic settings. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9402 Elective Ambulatory Care Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience providing pharmaceutical care in specialty outpatient settings. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9403 Elective Nuclear Pharmacy Rotation6 s.h.
Practical experience in the handling and clinical use of radiopharmaceuticals. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9404 Community Pharmaceutical Care Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience in the community setting; emphasis on delivery of pharmaceutical care. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9405 Elective Hospice and Palliative Care Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience providing pharmacotherapy for end-of-life care. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9406 Elective: Drug Information Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience applying drug information knowledge to service and research projects. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9407 Elective Family Medicine Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical practice experience applying primary care therapeutics in family medicine practice settings. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9408 Elective Hematology/Oncology Rotation6 s.h.
Drug therapy management of oncology patients and patients with hematologic malignancies, aplastic anemia, sickle cell disease, hemophilia. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9409 Elective Home Health Care Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience in the team approach to health care delivery, including total parenteral nutrition, chemotherapy, intravenous antibiotics, lab analysis, hospice care, and pain management. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9410 Hospital Pharmacy Rotation6 s.h.
Instruction and practical experience in various components of hospital pharmacy; emphasis on hospital organization, inpatient and outpatient services, IV admixtures, unit dose, and clinical services. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9411 Elective Long Term Care Rotation6 s.h.
Practice in consulting and providing services to varied long-term patient care environments. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9412 Elective Managed Care Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience in providing pharmaceutical care or pharmacy-related services in a managed care organization. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9413 Acute Care Medicine Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience applying therapeutic skills for the pharmacotherapeutic management of patients on general medicine or specialty inpatient areas. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9415 Elective: Pediatrics Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience in drug therapy management of general and specialty pediatric patients. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9416 Elective: Pharmacy Rotation6 s.h.
Selected practice experiences in various pharmacy practice settings. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9417 Elective Psychiatry Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience in the rational use of drugs in psychiatric disorders. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9418 Elective Research Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience in basic pharmaceutical or clinical research; proposal, study design, data collection and analysis, presentation of results. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9419 Elective: Surgery Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience in drug therapy management on a surgery unit. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9420 Elective Pharmacy Practice Underserved Population Rotation6 s.h.
Opportunity to learn the best practices for pharmaceutical management; approaches to enhance access to and appropriate use of medicines in underserved and resource-limited environments. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9421 Elective Community Management Rotation6 s.h.
Practice exposure to community pharmacy operations and management at the store, district, or corporate level. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9422 Elective: Compounding/Complimentary Alternative Medicine Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical work in a community setting with focus on team approach; experience developing extemporaneous compounds to optimize patient care and/or integrating traditional and nontraditional medicine. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9423 Elective: Critical Care Medicine Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience providing pharmaceutical services to intensive care unit patients. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9424 Elective Emergency Medicine Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience providing pharmaceutical care for patients treated in the emergency department. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9425 Elective Hospital Management Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience in hospital pharmacy operations and management. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9426 Elective Infectious Disease Rotation6 s.h.
Clinical experience providing pharmacotherapeutic management of patients receiving antimicrobial medications. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9427 Elective Medication Use Evaluation Rotation6 s.h.
Practical experience in drug use evaluation to improve patient outcomes. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9428 Elective Pharmacy Industry Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience in an area of the pharmaceutical or related industries. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9429 Elective: Pharmacy Regulatory Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience with a pharmacy regulatory body. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9430 Elective: Professional Association Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience in professional association management environment at the state or national level. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9431 Elective: Veterinary Pharmacy Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience in managing drug therapy for animals. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9432 Elective: Advanced Community Pharmacy Rotation6 s.h.
Community pharmacy experience emphasizing patient-centered care. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9433 Elective Academic Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience delivering pharmacy education with a College of Pharmacy faculty member. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9434 Elective International Pharmacy Non-Patient Care Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experiences in pharmacy practice outside the United States with a focus on research, health care policy, and/or pharmacy education. Requirements: P4 standing.
PHAR:9435 Administrative Bye Rotation6 s.h.
PHAR:9436 Transitions of Care Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience consulting and providing services to patients transitioning through different patient care environments.
PHAR:9437 Elective Informatics Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experience in informatics in health care setting.
PHAR:9438 Elective International Pharmacy Patient Care Rotation6 s.h.
Practice experiences in pharmacy practice outside the United States with a patient care focus.