The Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.) program is intended for students who wish to conduct original and advanced legal research in law under faculty supervision. S.J.D. students are expected to write a dissertation of publishable quality making a significant and original contribution to legal scholarship. The dissertation should be a book-length manuscript or a series of related articles of equivalent intellectual ambition and scope.
To be admitted to the S.J.D. program, students typically first complete the LL.M. degree at the University of Iowa or a similar masters-level degree at another law school, either in the United States or at an English-language law school with academic standards equivalent to those of highly-ranked U.S. LL.M. programs. In appropriate circumstances, however, the admissions committee will consider applications from excellent students without an English-language master’s-level degree who wish to proceed directly to work on their S.J.D. degree.
Admission to the S.J.D. program will be granted only if a tenured member of the faculty of the College of Law is available and agrees to serve as the S.J.D. chair of a student’s dissertation committee.
There are five requirements for earning the S.J.D. degree.
Year of Residency
Doctor of Juridical Science students must spend at least one academic year (two semesters) in residence in the S.J.D. program at the College of Law. The course of study in that year differs depending on whether a student already has an LL.M. or an equivalent master’s-level degree.
Students who already have an LL.M. or equivalent master’s-level degree must complete 18 s.h. of credit during their first year of residency. They must enroll in the S.J.D. tutorial (5 s.h. each semester; 10 s.h. total) to conduct research and writing under the supervision of their S.J.D. dissertation committee. The work in the S.J.D. tutorial focuses on formulating a detailed dissertation proposal, beginning research for and writing of portions of the dissertation, and completing one or more chapters.
The balance of the required 18 s.h. will be earned through research and writing related to a student’s dissertation, supervised by the student’s S.J.D. chair. However, at the discretion of a student’s S.J.D. committee, some of the semester hours may be allocated to courses or seminars that the committee feels a student needs to strengthen the ability to write a successful dissertation.
Students who do not already have an LL.M. or equivalent master’s-level degree must complete 24 s.h. of credit during their first year of residency. Students must complete 18 s.h. as indicated above and courses that provide an introduction to the U.S. legal system and require significant research and writing in preparation for the S.J.D. thesis.
Admission to Candidacy for the S.J.D.
Admission to S.J.D. candidacy is a formal step that must be achieved before a student has the right to continue in the S.J.D. program to complete a dissertation and is determined by the student’s committee on the basis of the work done during the student’s year of residency in the program.
As part of the assessment process, the S.J.D. committee will hold an oral examination toward the end of the student’s year of residency that focuses on the work the candidate has completed on the dissertation, the candidate’s general knowledge and understanding in relation to the subject matter of the dissertation, and the candidate’s further plans for completion of the dissertation. If the committee is not able to admit the student to S.J.D. candidacy at the conclusion of the first year of residency, the committee may give an extension of up to one calendar year if it finds a sufficient basis to believe that the student likely will be able to satisfy the foregoing standard within that time.
Presentation of Dissertation Work
Each S.J.D. student is required to make at least one substantive presentation of dissertation work at a meeting of the S.J.D. tutorial to a specially constituted group of faculty, or in a public meeting, as arranged with the student’s S.J.D. committee.
Completion of the Dissertation
Students admitted to S.J.D. candidacy continue to enroll in one s.h. of dissertation credit, which provides access to University resources, including the Law Library. However, students admitted to S.J.D. candidacy are free to complete their dissertation wherever they wish. In any event, they must continue to coordinate with their S.J.D. committee and continue to register each fall and spring semester as an S.J.D. candidate in the college.
Oral Defense of the Dissertation
Before the student’s S.J.D. committee decides whether to approve a student’s completed dissertation for award of the S.J.D. degree, the student must successfully defend the dissertation in an oral defense led by the student’s S.J.D. committee. A student must complete the dissertation and have it approved by the S.J.D. committee within five calendar years from the date of admission to S.J.D. candidacy.