Microbiology is an excellent major for undergraduate students who want a good general education with emphasis on an important and interesting branch of biological sciences.

The Bachelor of Science with a major in microbiology requires a minimum of 120 s.h., including 63-64 s.h. of work for the major (21-28 s.h. in microbiology and 35-43 s.h. in supporting course work). Students must maintain a g.p.a. of at least 2.00 in all courses for the major and in all UI courses for the major. They also must complete the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences General Education Program.

Students must complete at least 12 s.h. of the required 21-28 s.h. in microbiology courses at the University of Iowa.

The major in microbiology can be pursued on either a pre-medicine or a scholar track.

Students in the pre-medicine track complete admission requirements for the Carver College of Medicine and for most colleges of medicine as an integral part of the completion of their major requirements. This track is recommended for pre-medical, pre-dental, and pre-pharmacy students.

Students in the scholar track pursue a curriculum with streamlined organic chemistry and physics requirements and expanded microbiology courses, including advanced laboratory and global health studies course work. The scholar track is recommended for students interested in pursuing graduate training or in developing a career as a microbiologist.

Students may shift from one track to the other during their program of study.

The B.S. with a major in microbiology in the pre-medicine or the scholar track requires the following course work.

Microbiology Courses

Pre-medicine and scholar track students earn 21 s.h. in microbiology courses, as follows.

MICR:2157General Microbiology (with a grade of C or higher)5
MICR:4163Seminar: Microbiology (taken the last two semesters before graduation)2
Additional microbiology courses, with at least 14 s.h. in courses numbered MICR:3147 or above, excluding MICR:3164 and MICR:5220. Students select from the following:14
Immunology and Human Disease
Bacteria and Human Disease
Molecular Microbiology
Bacteria and Human Disease Laboratory
Viruses and Human Disease
Microbial Genetics
Molecular Microbiology and Genetics Laboratory
Virology Laboratory and Discussion
Bacterial Diversity and the Human Microbiome
Undergraduate Research in Microbiology
Honors Undergraduate Research in Microbiology
Microscopy for Biomedical Research
Integrated Topics in Infectious Diseases

Students must earn a grade of C or higher in BIOL:1411 Foundations of Biology or MICR:2157 General Microbiology in order to take more advanced microbiology courses.

Students must take MICR:4163 Seminar: Microbiology once for credit during their last two semesters before graduation. They may apply a maximum of 2 s.h. earned in the course toward the major; they are encouraged to take it for 0 s.h. during other semesters after they have completed MICR:2157 General Microbiology.

A maximum of 4 s.h. earned in MICR:4161 Undergraduate Research in Microbiology may be counted toward the major. However, honors students must complete 23 s.h. of microbiology courses for the major and may count 6 s.h. earned in MICR:4171 Honors Undergraduate Research in Microbiology; see "Honors in the Major" below.

Supporting Course Work

Pre-medicine and scholar track students must complete the supporting course work listed below. These courses may not be taken pass/nonpass. 

All of these:
BIOL:1411-BIOL:1412Foundations of Biology - Diversity of Form and Function8
CHEM:1110 & CHEM:1120Principles of Chemistry I-II8
CHEM:2210Organic Chemistry I3
BIOC:3120 & BIOC:3130Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I-II6
One of these:
BIOS:4120Introduction to Biostatistics3
MATH:1460Calculus for the Biological Sciences4
MATH:1550Engineering Mathematics I: Single Variable Calculus4
MATH:1850Calculus I4
STAT:3510Biostatistics3
In addition, the following course may be recommended for some students:
CNW:2680The Art and Craft of Creative Nonfiction3

Pre-Medicine Track

Pre-medicine track students must complete the following course work. These courses may not be taken pass/nonpass.

Both of these:
CHEM:2220Organic Chemistry II3
CHEM:2410Organic Chemistry Laboratory3
One of these sequences:
PHYS:1511-PHYS:1512College Physics I-II8
PHYS:1611-PHYS:1612Introductory Physics I-II8

Scholar Track

Scholar track students must complete the following course work. These courses may not be taken pass/nonpass.

This course:
PHYS:1400Basic Physics4
One of these:
GHS:2000Introduction to Global Health Studies3
GHS:2320Anthropological Perspectives on Human Infectious Disease: Origins and Evolution3

Scholar track students must earn an additional 4 s.h. of advanced course work chosen from the following.

BIOL:4213Bioinformatics4
GHS:2000Introduction to Global Health Studies3
GHS:2080The Cultural Politics of HIV-AIDS3
GHS:2320Anthropological Perspectives on Human Infectious Disease: Origins and Evolution3
Additional work in microbiology courses numbered MICR:3147 or above, excluding MICR:3164 and MICR:5220

Scholar track students must take at least one microbiology advanced laboratory or research course from these.

MICR:3159Bacteria and Human Disease3
MICR:3175Molecular Microbiology and Genetics Laboratory3
MICR:3178Virology Laboratory and Discussion3
MICR:4161Undergraduate Research in Microbiologyarr.
MICR:4171Honors Undergraduate Research in Microbiologyarr.

Honors in the Major

Students majoring in microbiology (either track) have the opportunity to graduate with honors in the major. Departmental honors students must maintain a g.p.a. of at least 3.33, both cumulative and in microbiology courses. To graduate with honors in the microbiology major, students must complete 23 s.h. of course work in microbiology, including 6 s.h. in MICR:4171 Honors Undergraduate Research in Microbiology, which introduces them to experimental research. At the end of their research, they must successfully present written and oral reports.

In addition to honors in their majors, undergraduate students have a variety of opportunities for honors study and activities through membership in the University of Iowa Honors Program; visit Honors at Iowa to learn about the University's honors program.

Joint B.S./Ph.D.

Students majoring in microbiology who are interested in earning a doctoral degree may apply to the joint Bachelor of Science/Doctor of Philosophy program in microbiology. The joint program permits students to count 12 s.h. of credit toward both the B.S. and Ph.D. degree requirements before they have been granted the B.S. degree. Contact the Department of Microbiology for more information.

The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences General Education Program provides students with a broad foundation of knowledge and a focused practice of transferable skills necessary for a lifetime of learning.

General Education courses are particularly valuable for students making the transition into the University of Iowa. They help students understand the expectations of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences while providing the tools needed for more advanced academic work in the major.

All students in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences who wish to earn an undergraduate degree—Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), Bachelor of Science (B.S.), Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.), or Bachelor of Music (B.M.)—must complete the requirements of the CLAS General Education Program.

General Education Areas and Requirements

The General Education Program has 10 required areas, grouped into three categories. Students must fulfill the requirements in each General Education area.

Communication and literacy:

Natural, quantitative, and social sciences:

Culture, society, and the arts:

Students may count transfer credit and/or credit by exam toward some General Education Program requirements. See General Education Policies for details regarding use of transfer credit, credit by exam, and other policies for how General Education requirements may be fulfilled.

Communication and Literacy

Rhetoric

Rhetoric courses develop speaking, writing, listening, and critical reading skills and build competence in research, analysis, and argumentation.

All entering first-year students are required to complete RHET:1030 Rhetoric (4-5 s.h.). Because rhetorical skills lay the foundation for further study at the University, most students register for RHET:1030 during their first year at Iowa. Students in some majors, such as English or journalism and mass communication, enroll in RHET:1030 during their first semester.

Students who must enroll in English as a Second Language (ESL) courses as determined by their English proficiency evaluation must complete all ESL courses before they may register for RHET:1030 Rhetoric.

Students who have transfer credit in composition, speech, and argumentation but have not been granted an A.A. degree must complete the equivalent of RHET:1030 Rhetoric and often must take RHET:1040 Writing and Reading or RHET:1060 Speaking and Reading in addition to their transfer courses in composition and/or speech.

Each entering student's degree audit shows the course(s) that must be completed in order to fulfill the Rhetoric requirement.

The following courses are approved for the Rhetoric area.

RHET:1030Rhetoric4-5
RHET:1040Writing and Reading3
RHET:1060Speaking and Reading3

Transfer of Credit for Rhetoric

Transfer students who have been granted an Associate of Arts (A.A.) degree from an Iowa community college, Waldorf College in Iowa, or Black Hawk College in Illinois have satisfied the Rhetoric requirement.

Transfer credit for students without an A.A. degree is evaluated as follows:

  • transfer students who have completed composition I, composition II, and speech at another institution have satisfied the General Education Program's Rhetoric requirement of RHET:1030 Rhetoric;
  • transfer students who have completed only composition I must complete RHET:1030 Rhetoric at the University of Iowa;
  • transfer students who have completed composition I and speech must complete RHET:1040 Writing and Reading at the University of Iowa;
  • transfer students who have completed only speech must complete RHET:1040 Writing and Reading at the University of Iowa;
  • transfer students who have completed composition I and II or only composition II must complete RHET:1060 Speaking and Reading at the University of Iowa;
  • for transfer students who have completed any other course at another institution that may be equivalent to RHET:1030 Rhetoric, the University of Iowa Office of Admissions examines the content of the course and decides on equivalency based on the content of that course, conferring with the Department of Rhetoric on the correct equivalency, if necessary.

Interpretation of Literature

Courses in the Interpretation of Literature area focus on the major genres of literature (short and long fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama), improving students' abilities to read and analyze a variety of texts. Small group discussions in these courses challenge students to think critically, to share insights, and to listen thoughtfully to the arguments of others.

All students must complete at least 3 s.h. of course work in the Interpretation of Literature area. The following courses are approved for the area.

CL:1510/ASIA:1510Ghost Stories and Tales of the Weird in Pre-Modern Chinese Literature3
ENGL:1200The Interpretation of Literature3
FREN:1005Texts and Contexts: French-Speaking World3
FREN:1007Nature/Ecology French Philosophy and Fiction3
HONR:1885Reading the Ancient City3

World Languages

Courses in the World Languages area provide students with speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills in a second language as well as knowledge of the culture in which the language is spoken. To fulfill the World Languages requirement, students must:

complete the fourth year in a world language in high school; or

complete four semesters1 in an approved General Education world language course sequence at the University of Iowa (note the exception for Latin) or the equivalent courses at another college or university or during study abroad; or

pass a written and oral achievement test measuring proficiency in a world language taught at the University of Iowa, equivalent to that usually attained after four semesters of college study; or

achieve a passing score on Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, or other approved college-level world languages examination program.

1

A student may be required to complete fewer than four semesters based on his or her language placement test results.

For information about proficiency examinations and guidelines for taking them, see the World Languages web page. The page also provides information about how students whose first language is not English may fulfill the World Languages requirement.

Once students have completed the World Languages requirement, they may earn up to 8 s.h. of additional credit in language study; see the Furthering Language Incentive Program (FLIP) web page.

Students may use the following language course sequences to fulfill the World Languages requirement. To avoid duplication or regression, consult the appropriate language department before registering for courses.

American Sign Language

Courses in American Sign Language (ASL) are offered by the American Sign Language Program. The following sequence fulfills the General Education Program's World Languages requirement.

ASL:1001American Sign Language I4
ASL:1002American Sign Language II4
ASL:2001American Sign Language III4
ASL:2002American Sign Language IV4

Students with previous knowledge of American Sign Language should consult the ASL program for placement.

Arabic

Courses in Arabic are offered by the Department of French and Italian. The following sequence fulfills the General Education Program's World Languages requirement.

ARAB:1001Elementary Modern Standard Arabic I5
ARAB:1002Elementary Modern Standard Arabic II5
ARAB:2001Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic I5
ARAB:2002Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic II5

Students with previous knowledge of Arabic should consult the department for appropriate placement.

Chinese

Courses in Chinese are offered by the Department of Asian and Slavic Languages and Literatures. For students without previous knowledge of Chinese, the department recommends the following sequence to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement.

CHIN:1111First-Year Chinese: First Semester5
CHIN:1112First-Year Chinese: Second Semester5
CHIN:2101Second-Year Chinese: First Semester5
CHIN:2102Second-Year Chinese: Second Semester5

Students may use varied combinations of Chinese language courses approved for General Education to fulfill the World Languages requirement. Heritage learners and students who have studied Chinese abroad may be able to fulfill the requirement by substituting CHIN:2103 Accelerated Second-Year Chinese: First Semester and CHIN:2104 Accelerated Second-Year Chinese: Second Semester for CHIN:2101 and CHIN:2102. Consult the department for more information.

French

Courses in French are offered by the Department of French and Italian. For students without previous knowledge of French, the department recommends the following sequence to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement.

FREN:1001Elementary French I4-5
FREN:1002Elementary French II4-5
FREN:2001Intermediate French I5
FREN:2002Intermediate French II5

Students may use varied combinations of French language courses approved for General Education to fulfill the World Languages requirement. Those with previous knowledge of French may be able to fulfill the requirement by substituting FREN:1010 First-Year French Review for FREN:1001 and FREN:1002 in the sequence above. Some students may be evaluated as ready for FREN:2001 or FREN:2002. Consult the department for appropriate placement.

German

Courses in German are offered by the Department of German. For students without previous knowledge of German, the department recommends the following sequence to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement.

GRMN:1001Elementary German I4
GRMN:1002Elementary German II4
GRMN:2001Intermediate German I4
GRMN:2002Intermediate German II4

Students may use varied combinations of German language courses approved for General Education to fulfill the World Languages requirement. Those with previous knowledge of German may be able to fulfill the requirement by substituting GRMN:1010 First-Year German Review for GRMN:1001 and GRMN:1002 in the sequence above. Some students may be evaluated as ready for GRMN:2001 or GRMN:2002. Consult the department for appropriate placement.

The department also offers accelerated intensive courses, GRMN:1020 Intensive Elementary German and GRMN:2020 Intensive Intermediate German, which may be appropriate for students with strong language learning abilities or experience. The intensive courses may be combined with nonintensive courses to create other sequences that may be used to fulfill the General Education World Languages requirement. Consult the department to identify an appropriate course sequence.

Greek

Courses in Greek are offered by the Department of Classics. Students without previous knowledge of Greek should fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement with the following sequence.

CLSG:1001Classical and New Testament Greek I3-5
CLSG:1002Classical and New Testament Greek II3-5
CLSG:2001Second-Year Greek I3
CLSG:2002Second-Year Greek II3

Students with previous knowledge of Greek should consult the department for appropriate placement.

Hindi-Urdu

Courses in Hindi-Urdu are offered by the Department of Asian and Slavic Languages and Literatures. Students without previous knowledge of Hindi-Urdu should fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement with the following sequence. Each of these courses is open to entering first-year students.

SOAS:2101First-Year Hindi-Urdu: First Semester5
SOAS:2102First-Year Hindi-Urdu: Second Semester5
SOAS:3101Second-Year Hindi-Urdu: First Semester4
SOAS:3102Second-Year Hindi-Urdu: Second Semester4

Students with previous knowledge of Hindi-Urdu should consult the department for appropriate placement.

Italian

Courses in Italian are offered by the Department of French and Italian. Students without previous knowledge of Italian should fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement with the following sequence.

ITAL:1101Elementary Italian5
ITAL:1102Elementary Italian II5
ITAL:2203Intermediate Italian4
ITAL:2204Intermediate Italian II4

Students with strong language learning abilities or a background in another Romance language may be able to complete the requirement by substituting ITAL:3002 Intensive Elementary Italian for ITAL:1101 and ITAL:1102 in the sequence above. Consult the department for appropriate placement.

Japanese

Courses in Japanese are offered by the Department of Asian and Slavic Languages and Literatures. For students without previous knowledge of Japanese, the department recommends the following sequence to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement.

JPNS:1001First-Year Japanese: First Semester5
JPNS:1002First-Year Japanese: Second Semester5
JPNS:2001Second-Year Japanese: First Semester4-5
JPNS:2002Second-Year Japanese: Second Semester4-5

Students may use varied combinations of Japanese language courses approved for General Education to fulfill the World Languages requirement. Those with previous knowledge of Japanese should consult the department for appropriate placement.

Korean

Courses in Korean are offered by the Department of Asian and Slavic Languages and Literatures. For students without previous knowledge of Korean, the department recommends the following sequence to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement.

KORE:1101First-Year Korean: First Semester4
KORE:1102First-Year Korean: Second Semester4
KORE:2101Second-Year Korean: First Semester4
KORE:2102Second-Year Korean: Second Semester4

Students with previous knowledge of Korean should consult the department for appropriate placement.

Latin

Courses in Latin are offered by the Department of Classics. Students without previous knowledge of Latin should fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement with the following sequence. Students must take both CLSL:2001 and CLSL:2002 in order to fulfill the GE World Languages requirement. These courses require a similar knowledge of Latin, but one focuses on poetry and the other on prose. Other world languages permit a student to complete the last courses in the sequence to meet the CLAS GE requirement since the final course is more difficult than the previous ones. This is not true with the Latin sequence, and thus, both courses must be successfully completed.

CLSL:1001Elementary Latin I3-5
CLSL:1002Elementary Latin II3-5
CLSL:2001World of Cicero3
CLSL:2002Golden Age of Roman Poetry3

Students with previous knowledge of Latin should consult the department for appropriate placement.

Portuguese

Courses in Portuguese are offered by the Department of Spanish and Portuguese. Two sequences in Portuguese are approved to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement. All  courses are open to entering first-year students.

PORT:2010Elementary Portuguese I3
PORT:2015Elementary Portuguese II3
PORT:2510Intermediate Portuguese I3
PORT:2515Intermediate Portuguese II3

Students may also substitute PORT:2000 Accelerated Elementary Portuguese for PORT:2010 and PORT:2015 or they may use PORT:2500 Accelerated Intermediate Portuguese as a substitute for PORT:2510 or PORT:2515 in the sequence above.

Students with previous knowledge of Portuguese should consult the department for appropriate placement.

Russian

Courses in Russian are offered by the Department of Asian and Slavic Languages and Literatures. Students without previous knowledge of Russian should fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement with the following sequence.

SLAV:1111First-Year Russian I5
SLAV:1112First-Year Russian II5
SLAV:2111Second-Year Russian I4
SLAV:2112Second-Year Russian II4

Students with previous knowledge of Russian should consult the department for appropriate placement.

Sanskrit

Courses in Sanskrit are offered by the Department of Asian and Slavic Languages and Literatures. Students without previous knowledge of Sanskrit should fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement with the following sequence. Each of these courses is open to entering first-year students.

SOAS:2901/CLSA:2901First-Year Sanskrit: First Semester4
SOAS:2902/CLSA:2902First-Year Sanskrit: Second Semester4
SOAS:3901/CLSA:3901Second-Year Sanskrit: First Semester3
SOAS:3902/CLSA:3902Second-Year Sanskrit: Second Semester3

Students with previous knowledge of Sanskrit should consult the department for appropriate placement.

Spanish

Courses in Spanish are offered by the Department of Spanish and Portuguese. For students without previous knowledge of Spanish, the department recommends the following sequence to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement.

SPAN:1001Elementary Spanish I5
SPAN:1002Elementary Spanish II5
SPAN:1501Intermediate Spanish I5
SPAN:1502Intermediate Spanish II5

Students may use varied combinations of Spanish language courses approved for General Education to fulfill the General Education World Languages requirement. Those with previous knowledge of Spanish may be able to fulfill the requirement by substituting SPAN:1003 Elementary Spanish Review for SPAN:1001 and SPAN:1002 in the sequence above.

The accelerated course SPAN:1503 Accelerated Intermediate Spanish, which combines SPAN:1501 and SPAN:1502, may be appropriate for some students.

Students may substitute SPAN:1504 Spanish for Healthcare Providers in place of SPAN:1502 as the last course to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement.

Students with previous knowledge of Spanish should take the language placement test in Spanish to help determine proper placement.

Swahili

Courses in Swahili are offered by the Department of French and Italian. The following sequence fulfills the General Education Program's World Languages requirement. Each of these courses is open to entering first-year students.

SWAH:3001Elementary Swahili I4
SWAH:3002Elementary Swahili II4
SWAH:3003Intermediate Swahili I4
SWAH:3004Intermediate Swahili II4

Students with previous knowledge of Swahili should consult the department for appropriate placement.

Other Course Sequences

A student who successfully completes a four-semester world language sequence that has not been approved for General Education may have the sequence substituted for a proficiency test to fulfill the General Education requirement.

Students who complete a world language sequence this way should notify the department that offers the sequence; the department will contact Graduation Analysis in the Office of the Registrar, which will update a student's degree audit to show fulfillment of the World Languages requirement.

Natural, Quantitative, and Social Sciences

Natural Sciences

Courses in the Natural Sciences area explore the scope and major concepts of a scientific discipline. Students learn the attitudes and practices of scientific investigators: logic, precision, experimentation, tentativeness, and objectivity. In courses with a laboratory component, students gain experience in the methods of scientific inquiry.

All students must complete at least 7 s.h. of course work in the Natural Sciences area, including at least one natural science lab component. The following courses are approved for the area; courses with a lab component are noted "(lab)."

ANTH:1301Human Origins3
ASTR:1060/BIOL:1060/EES:1060Big Ideas: Origins of the Universe, Earth, and Life3
ASTR:1070Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe (with lab 4 s.h.; without lab 3 s.h.)3-4
ASTR:1079Introductory Astronomy Laboratory (lab)1
ASTR:1080Exploration of the Solar System (with lab 4 s.h.; without lab 3 s.h.)3-4
ASTR:1090Life in the Universe3
ASTR:1771General Astronomy I (lab)4
ASTR:1772General Astronomy II (lab)4
BIOL:1061/ANTH:1061/ASTR:1061/EES:1061Big Ideas: Evolution of Life on Earth and the Search for Life in the Universe (lab)4
BIOL:1140Human Biology (lab)4
BIOL:1141Introductory Animal Biology (lab)4
BIOL:1251How the Brain Works (and Why it Doesn't)3
BIOL:1260Plants and Human Affairs2-3
BIOL:1261Introduction to Botany (lab)4
BIOL:1311/ANTH:1310Human Genetics in the Twenty-First Century3
BIOL:1370Understanding Evolution (formerly Ecology and Evolution)3
BIOL:1411Foundations of Biology (lab)4
BIOL:1412Diversity of Form and Function (lab)4
CHEM:1050Technology and Society3
CHEM:1060Technology and Society Laboratory (lab)1
CHEM:1070General Chemistry I3
CHEM:1080General Chemistry II3
CHEM:1100Chemistry in Industry and the Economy3
CHEM:1110Principles of Chemistry I (lab)4
CHEM:1120Principles of Chemistry II (lab)4
CHEM:1160Principles of Chemistry Lab (lab)2
CHEM:1180Chemical Science I3
CHEM:1190Chemical Science II3
CHEM:1200Chemical Science Laboratory (lab)2
EES:1030/CEE:1030Introduction to Earth Science (with lab 4 s.h.; without lab 3 s.h.)3-4
EES:1040Evolution and the History of Life (with lab 4 s.h.; without lab 3 s.h.)3-4
EES:1050Introduction to Geology (lab)4
EES:1070Age of Dinosaurs (lab)4
EES:1080/ENVS:1080Introduction to Environmental Science (with lab 4 s.h.; without lab 3 s.h.; not for students who have taken EES:1085 or ENVS:1085)3-4
EES:1085/ENVS:1085Fundamentals of Environmental Science (lab; not for students who have taken EES:1080 or ENVS:1080)4
EES:1090/ENVS:1090Introduction to Environmental Sciences Laboratory (lab)1
EES:1290Energy and the Environment3
EES:1400Natural Disasters3
GEOG:1020The Global Environment3
GEOG:1021The Global Environment Lab (lab)1
HHP:1100Human Anatomy3
HHP:1110Human Anatomy Laboratory (lab)1
HHP:1300Fundamentals of Human Physiology3
HHP:2310Nutrition and Health3
HONR:1640Honors Seminar in Natural Sciences3
PHYS:1100From Quarks to Quasars (with lab 4 s.h.; without lab 3 s.h.)3-4
PHYS:1200Physics of Everyday Experience3
PHYS:1300Nanoscience3
PHYS:1400Basic Physics (with lab 4 s.h.; without lab 3 s.h.)3-4
PHYS:1410Physics of Sound (with lab 4 s.h.; without lab 3 s.h.)3-4
PHYS:1511College Physics I (lab)4
PHYS:1512College Physics II (lab)4
PHYS:1611Introductory Physics I (lab)4
PHYS:1612Introductory Physics II (with lab 4 s.h.; without lab 3 s.h.)3-4
PHYS:1619Introductory Physics II Lab (lab)1
PHYS:1701Physics I (lab)4
PHYS:1702Physics II (lab)4

Quantitative or Formal Reasoning

Courses in the Quantitative or Formal Reasoning area help develop analytical skills through the practice of quantitative or formal symbolic reasoning. Courses focus on presentation and evaluation of evidence and argument; understanding the use and misuse of data; and organization of information in quantitative or other formal symbolic systems, including those used in computer science, linguistics, mathematics, philosophy, and statistics.

All students must complete at least 3 s.h. of course work in the Quantitative or Formal Reasoning area. Students may fulfill this requirement of the General Education Program by completing a course that lists an approved course as a prerequisite. The following courses are approved for the area.

COMM:1117Theory and Practice of Argument4
CS:1020Principles of Computing3
CS:1110Introduction to Computer Science3
CS:1210Computer Science I: Fundamentals4
HHP:1030Introduction to Critical Thinking3
HONR:1650Honors Seminar in Quantitative and Formal Reasoning3
LING:1050Language and Formal Reasoning3
MATH:1020Elementary Functions4
MATH:1120Logic of Arithmetic4
MATH:1130Theory of Arithmetic3
MATH:1240Finite Mathematics4
MATH:1340Mathematics for Business4
MATH:1380Calculus and Matrix Algebra for Business4
MATH:1440Mathematics for the Biological Sciences4
MATH:1460Calculus for the Biological Sciences4
MATH:1550Engineering Mathematics I: Single Variable Calculus4
MATH:1850Calculus I4
PHIL:1636Principles of Reasoning: Argument and Debate3
POLI:1700Introduction to Political Analysis3
STAT:1010Statistics and Society3
STAT:1020/PSQF:1020Elementary Statistics and Inference3
STAT:1030Statistics for Business4
STAT:2010Statistical Methods and Computing3

Social Sciences

Courses in the Social Sciences area focus on human behavior and the institutions and social systems that shape and are shaped by that behavior. Courses provide an overview of one or more social science disciplines, their theories, and their methods.

All students must complete at least 3 s.h. of course work in the Social Sciences area. The following courses are approved for the area.

AFAM:1030Introduction to African American Society3
ANTH:1101/IS:1101Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH:1401Language, Culture, and Communication3
ANTH:2100Anthropology and Contemporary World Problems3
ANTH:2136Urban Anthropology3
ANTH:2261Human Impacts on the Environment3
ASP:1800/CSD:1800/NURS:1800/SSW:1800/TR:1800Basic Aspects of Aging3
CPH:2099Fundamentals of Public Health3
COMM:1170Communication Theory in Everyday Life3
COMM:1174Media and Society3
CRIM:1410Introduction to Criminology3
CSD:3117/LING:3117Psychology of Language3
CSD:3118/LING:3118Language Acquisition1-3
ECON:1100Principles of Microeconomics4
ECON:1200Principles of Macroeconomics4
GEOG:1010Introduction to Human Geography3
GEOG:1070Contemporary Environmental Issues3
GEOG:1090Globalization and Geographic Diversity3
GEOG:2110/GHS:2110Seven Billion and Counting: Introduction to Population Dynamics3
GEOG:2910The Global Economy3
HIST:1119/SOC:1119Big Ideas: Equality, Opportunity, and Public Policy in America3
HONR:1660Honors Seminar in Social Sciences3
JMC:1100Media Uses and Effects3
LING:1010Language and Society3
LING:1060Languages of the World3
MUSM:3001/ANTH:3001/EDTL:3001/SIED:3001Introduction to Museum Studies3
POLI:1100Introduction to American Politics3
POLI:1200Introduction to Political Behavior3
POLI:1300Introduction to Political Thought and Action3
POLI:1400Introduction to Comparative Politics3
POLI:1401Introduction to the Politics of Russia and Eurasia3
POLI:1403Introduction to Politics in the Muslim World3
POLI:1445Introduction to Asian Politics: China (GE option beginning fall 2016)3
POLI:1449Introduction to European Politics3
POLI:1500Introduction to International Relations3
POLI:1501Introduction to American Foreign Policy3
POLI:1600Introduction to Political Communication3
POLI:2415/LAS:2415Latin American Politics3
POLI:3413Russian Politics (not a GE option in spring 2017)3
PSY:1001Elementary Psychology3
PSY:2301Introduction to Clinical Psychology3
PSY:2401Introduction to Developmental Science3
PSY:2601Introduction to Cognitive Psychology3
SOC:1010Introduction to Sociology3-4
SOC:1020Social Problems3-4
SOC:1220Principles of Social Psychology3-4
TR:1070Perspectives on Leisure and Play3

Culture, Society, and the Arts

Historical Perspectives

Courses in the Historical Perspectives area help students comprehend the historical processes of change and continuity; develop the ability to generalize, explain, and interpret historical change; and understand the past in its own terms.

All students must complete at least 3 s.h. of course work in the Historical Perspectives area. The following courses are approved for the area.

ANTH:1201World Archaeology3
ARTH:1010Art and Visual Culture3
ARTH:1050From Cave Paintings to Cathedrals: Survey of Western Art I3
ARTH:1060From Mona Lisa to Modernism: Survey of Western Art II3
ARTH:1070/CHIN:1070Asian Art and Culture3
ARTH:1090Earthly Paradises: A Global History of Gardens3
ARTH:2920Introduction to American Art3
CLSA:1181/GHS:1181Ancient Medicine3
CLSA:1830Greek Civilization3
CLSA:1840Roman Civilization3
EES:1115/ENVS:1115/GEOG:1115/HIST:1115Big Ideas: The History and Science of Oil3
FREN:3110French Civilization3
FREN:3120French Civilization3
HIST:1002Issues in Medieval Society3
HIST:1004Issues in Human History: Communities and Society in History3
HIST:1006Issues: Nature and Society in Historical Perspective3
HIST:1008Issues in European Politics and Society3
HIST:1010Issues in Human History: Gender in Historical Perspective3
HIST:1012Issues in Human History: Europe's Expansion Overseas3
HIST:1014Issues: Twentieth-Century Crisis3
HIST:1016Issues in Human History: The Vietnam War in Historical Perspective3
HIST:1261American History to 18773
HIST:1262American History 1877-Present3
HIST:1401Western Civilization I3-4
HIST:1402Western Civilization II3-4
HIST:1403Western Civilization III3-4
HIST:1602/ASIA:1602Civilizations of Asia: China3
HIST:1604/ASIA:1604Civilizations of Asia: Japan3-4
HIST:1606/ASIA:1606Civilizations of Asia: South Asia3-4
HIST:2461/CLSA:2461/RELS:2361Middle East and Mediterranean: Alexander to Suleiman3
HIST:2607Civilizations of Asia: Korea3-4
HIST:3410/MDVL:3410Medieval Civilization II3
HONR:1610Honors Seminar in Historical Perspectives3
ITAL:2550Images of Modern Italy3
JMC:1200Media History and Culture3
MUS:1303Roots, Rock, and Rap: A History of Popular Music3
MUS:2301History of Music I3
MUS:2302History of Music II3
PHIL:1033The Meaning of Life3
PHIL:1034Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness3
RELS:1001Judaism, Christianity, and Islam3
RELS:1225/HIST:1425Medieval Religion and Culture3
RELS:1250/HIST:1450Modern Religion and Culture3
SLAV:1531Slavic Folklore3
SLAV:1532Religion and Culture of Slavs3
THTR:1400Theatre and Society: Ancients and Moderns3
THTR:1401Theatre and Society: Romantics and Rebels3
THTR:2410History of Theatre and Drama I3
THTR:2411History of Theatre and Drama II3

International and Global Issues

Courses in the International and Global Issues area focus predominantly on countries or issues outside the United States, encouraging students to understand contemporary issues from an international perspective. Students develop knowledge of one or more contemporary global or international issues, gain a greater awareness of varied international perspectives, and improve their skills of analysis and critical inquiry.

All students must complete at least 3 s.h. of course work in the International and Global Issues area. The following courses are approved for the area.

ANTH:1046/GEOG:1046/GWSS:1046Big Ideas: People and the Environment - Technology, Culture, and Social Justice3
ANTH:2100Anthropology and Contemporary World Problems3
ANTH:2136Urban Anthropology3
ANTH:2261Human Impacts on the Environment3
ARTH:1040Arts of Africa3
FREN:1006Global Sports and National Cultures (not approved as GE option until spring 2017)3
FREN:1510Cultural Misunderstandings: France and U.S.A.3
GEOG:1060Geography of Asia: From Japan to Pakistan3
GEOG:1070Contemporary Environmental Issues3
GEOG:1090Globalization and Geographic Diversity3
GEOG:2910The Global Economy3
GRMN:2720/HIST:2420Germany in the World3
GRMN:4315Contemporary German Civilization3
HIST:1016Issues in Human History: The Vietnam War in Historical Perspective3
HIST:1403Western Civilization III3-4
HIST:1602/ASIA:1602Civilizations of Asia: China3
HIST:1604/ASIA:1604Civilizations of Asia: Japan3-4
HIST:1606/ASIA:1606Civilizations of Asia: South Asia3-4
HIST:2607Civilizations of Asia: Korea3-4
HONR:1620Honors Seminar in International and Global Issues3
IS:2000Introduction to International Studies3
LING:1040/ANTH:1040Language Rights3
POLI:1400Introduction to Comparative Politics3
POLI:1401Introduction to the Politics of Russia and Eurasia3
POLI:1403Introduction to Politics in the Muslim World3
POLI:1445Introduction to Asian Politics: China (GE option beginning fall 2016)3
POLI:1449Introduction to European Politics3
POLI:1500Introduction to International Relations3
POLI:1501Introduction to American Foreign Policy3
POLI:2415/LAS:2415Latin American Politics3
POLI:3413Russian Politics (not a GE option in spring 2017)3
RELS:1130Introduction to Islamic Civilization3
RELS:2852/GWSS:2052Women in Islam and the Middle East3
RELS:3855Human Rights and Islam3
SLAV:1132Russia Today3

Literary, Visual, and Performing Arts

Courses in the Literary, Visual, and Performing Arts area provide students with opportunities to appreciate the arts and to analyze them within their historical and theoretical contexts. They also help students develop the analytic, expressive, and imaginative abilities necessary for understanding, appreciating, and creating art.

All students must complete at least 3 s.h. of course work in the Literary, Visual, and Performing Arts area. The following courses are approved for the area.

ARTH:1010Art and Visual Culture3
ARTH:1020Masterpieces: Art in Historical and Cultural Perspectives3
ARTH:1040Arts of Africa3
ARTH:1050From Cave Paintings to Cathedrals: Survey of Western Art I3
ARTH:1060From Mona Lisa to Modernism: Survey of Western Art II3
ARTH:1070/CHIN:1070Asian Art and Culture3
ARTH:1095American Indian Art3
ARTH:2920Introduction to American Art3
ARTS:1010Elements of Art3
ARTS:1030Elements of Jewelry and Metal Arts3
ARTS:1050Elements of Printmaking3
ARTS:1080Elements of Sculpture3
CERM:2010Exploring Forms in Clay I3
CHIN:1702Chinese Popular Culture (GE option beginning spring 2017)3
CINE:1602Introduction to Film Studies3
CINE:1610Contemporary Cinema3
CINE:2621Introduction to European Film3
CL:1240Major Texts of World Literature, Antiquity to 17003
CL:1241Major Texts of World Literature, 1700 to the Present3
CLSA:1010Hero, God, Mortal: Literature of Greece3
CLSA:1020Love and Glory: The Literature of Rome3
CLSA:1740/WRIT:1740Writing Strategies: Word Origins and Word Choice3
CLSA:2016Classical Mythology3
CNW:1620Introduction to Creative Nonfiction3
CW:1800Creative Writing Studio Workshop3
DANC:1010Beginning Tap1-2
DANC:1020Beginning Jazz1-2
DANC:1030Beginning Ballet1-2
DANC:1040Beginning Modern Dance1-2
DANC:1110Continuing Tap1-2
DANC:1120Continuing Jazz2
DANC:1130Continuing Ballet1-2
DANC:1140Continuing Modern Dance1-2
DANC:2020Intermediate Jazz1-2
DANC:2030Intermediate Ballet1-2
DANC:2040Intermediate Modern1-2
DANC:2060/DPA:2060Dance and Society in Global Contexts3
ENGL:1320Heroes and Villains3
ENGL:1325Comic and Tragic Literature3
ENGL:1330The Art of Storytelling3
ENGL:1345American Lives3
ENGL:1350Literature and Sexualities3
ENGL:1355/AINS:1355Literatures of Native American Peoples3
FREN:4100French Cinema3-4
GRMN:2630German Cinema: Greatest Hits3-4
GRMN:2666Pact with the Devil3-4
GRMN:2775Scandinavian Crime Fiction3
GRMN:2780King Arthur Through the Ages3
GRMN:2785The Fantastic and Supernatural in German Fiction and Film3
HONR:1630Honors Seminar in Literary, Visual, and Performing Arts3
MUS:1001Group Piano I: Non-Music Majors1
MUS:1009Jazz Cultures in America and Abroad3
MUS:1012Creativity in Music3
MUS:1020Performance Instruction for Nonmajors1
MUS:1066Introduction to Film Music3
MUS:1301Concepts and Contexts of Western Music3
MUS:1302Great Musicians3
MUS:1310World Music3
MUS:1720History of Jazz3
MUS:2005Issues in Popular Music: Women Who Rock3
MUS:2301History of Music I3
MUS:2302History of Music II3
MUS:2311/LAS:2311Music of Latin America and the Caribbean3
PORT:1800Contemporary Brazilian Narrative3
SCLP:2810Undergraduate Sculpture I3
SPAN:1700Latino/a Literature in the U.S.3
SPAN:1800Contemporary Spanish American Narrative3
THTR:1010Art of the Theatre3
THTR:1140Basic Acting3
THTR:1400Theatre and Society: Ancients and Moderns3
THTR:1401Theatre and Society: Romantics and Rebels3
THTR:1412/DANC:1412/DPA:1412The Arts in Performance3
THTR:2301Playwriting I3
THTR:2410History of Theatre and Drama I3
THTR:2411History of Theatre and Drama II3

Values, Society, and Diversity

Courses in the Values, Society, and Diversity area explore fundamental questions about the human experience from a variety of perspectives. Students consider topics in relation to their own values and actions. They gain a deeper appreciation of how cultural differences arise and of the importance of diversity.

All students must complete at least 3 s.h. of course work in the Values, Society, and Diversity area. The following courses are approved for the area.

AFAM:1020/AMST:1030Introduction to African American Culture3
AFAM:1030Introduction to African American Society3
AFAM:3710/GWSS:3710African American Women Writers3
AFAM:3925/JMC:3165African Americans and the Media3
AINS:1049/AMST:1049Introduction to American Indian and Native Studies3
AMST:1010Understanding American Cultures3
AMST:1154Food in America3
ANTH:1101/IS:1101Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH:2165/AINS:2165/AMST:2165Native Peoples of North America3
ANTH:2175/JPNS:2175Japanese Society and Culture3
ARTH:1045African American Art3
ARTH:1095American Indian Art3
ARTS:2000/ASP:2000/EDTL:2000/RHET:2000Big Ideas: Creativity for a Lifetime (GE option beginning fall 2016)3
ASIA:2450India Beat: The Aesthetics and Politics of India Today3
CHIN:1504Asian Humanities: China3
CLSA:1340Magic in the Ancient World3
CLSA:1875Ancient Sports and Leisure3
CLSA:1883/HONR:1883War3
CLSA:2016Classical Mythology3
CLSA:2482/RELS:2182Ancient Mediterranean Religions3
CLSA:2651/GWSS:2651Gender and Sexuality in the Ancient World3
CLSA:3416/RELS:3716Greek Religion and Society3
COMM:1174Media and Society3
DANC:1150/LAS:1150Brazilian Culture and Carnival3
DANC:2065Performing Crisis: Dances of Identity, Witness, and Resistance (GE option beginning spring 2017)3
DST:1101Introduction to Disability Studies3
ENGL:1355/AINS:1355Literatures of Native American Peoples3
ENGL:1410/AMST:1060/GWSS:1060Sex and Popular Culture in the Postwar U.S.3
ENGL:1420Technologies and Literatures of the Future3
EPLS:4180Human Relations for the Classroom Teacher3
EPLS:5154Education, Race, and Ethnicity3
GRMN:2618/CL:2618The Third Reich and Literature3
GRMN:2650German Nationalism After WWII3-4
GRMN:2655/IS:2600Muslim Minorities in the West3-4
GRMN:2780King Arthur Through the Ages3
GWSS:1001Introduction to Gender, Women's, and Sexuality Studies3
GWSS:1002Diversity and Power in the U.S.3
GWSS:1070Asian American Women Writers3
HHP:1051Making Choices: Interdisciplinary Perspectives3
HHP:2200Physical Activity and Health3
HIST:1040Perspectives: Diversity in American History3
HIST:1708Civilizations of Africa3
HIST:2265/AFAM:2265Introduction to African American History3
HIST:2288Introduction to Mexican American History3
HIST:2609India Now! A Survey from Bollywood Films to Global Terror3-4
HONR:1670Honors Seminar in Values, Society, and Diversity3
ITAL:2550Images of Modern Italy3
JMC:1500Social Media Today3
JPNS:1506Asian Humanities: Japan3
LING:2900Language, Gender, and Sexuality3
MUS:1009Jazz Cultures in America and Abroad3
MUS:1720History of Jazz3
MUS:2311/LAS:2311Music of Latin America and the Caribbean3
PHIL:1401Matters of Life and Death3
PHIL:1861Introduction to Philosophy3
PHIL:2402Introduction to Ethics3
POLI:1300Introduction to Political Thought and Action3
RELS:1021Judaism: The Sacred and the Secular3
RELS:1070Introduction to the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament3
RELS:1080Introduction to the New Testament3
RELS:1130/HIST:1030Introduction to Islamic Civilization3
RELS:1350/AFAM:1250Introduction to African American Religions3
RELS:1404/ASIA:1040Living Religions of the East3
RELS:1506/ASIA:1060Introduction to Buddhism3
RELS:1702Religion in America Today3
RELS:1810Longing for Freedom3
RELS:1903Quest for Human Destiny3
RELS:2700/AINS:2700Sacred World of Native Americans3
RELS:2852/GWSS:2052Women in Islam and the Middle East3
RELS:2986Religion and Women3
SLAV:1131Introduction to Russian Culture3
SLAV:1132Russia Today3
SLAV:1531Slavic Folklore3
SLAV:1532Religion and Culture of Slavs3
SLAV:3082Youth Subcultures After Socialism3
SOAS:1502/RELS:1502Asian Humanities: India3
SOC:1310/GWSS:1310Gender and Society3-4
SOC:2710The American Family3
SOC:2810Social Inequality3
SOC:3830Race and Ethnicity3
SPAN:1700Latino/a Literature in the U.S.3
SPAN:1900Diversity and Cultures in Spain3
SPAN:3420/CL:3396Cuban American Literature and Culture3
SPST:1074/AMST:1074/GWSS:1074Inequality in American Sport3
SRM:1045Health for Living3
SRM:1072Leisure and the Liberal Arts3
SSW:1022/SOC:1022Social Justice and Social Welfare in the United States3
THTR:1411Comedy and Society3
THTR:1412/DANC:1412/DPA:1412The Arts in Performance3
THTR:2405Staging Americans: U.S. Cultures Through Theatre and Performancearr.
WLLC:2550Mardi Gras and More: Cultures of Carnival3-4

Four-Year Graduation Plan

The following checkpoints list the minimum requirements students must complete by certain semesters in order to stay on the University's Four-Year Graduation Plan. Courses in the major are those required to complete the major; they may be offered by departments other than the major department.

Before the third semester begins: BIOL:1411 Foundations of Biology, CHEM:1110 Principles of Chemistry I, CHEM:1120 Principles of Chemistry II, and an approved calculus or biostatistics course

Before the fifth semester begins: BIOL:1412 Diversity of Form and Function, CHEM:2210 Organic Chemistry I, and MICR:2157 General Microbiology 

Before the seventh semester begins: seven more courses in the major and at least 90 s.h. earned toward the degree

Before the eighth semester begins: another 10-12 s.h. of course work

During the eighth semester: enrollment in all remaining course work in the major, all remaining required General Education courses, and a sufficient number of semester hours to graduate

Sample Plans of Study

Microbiology (B.S.)

Pre-Medicine Track

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallHours
RHET:1030 Rhetoric (or other General Education course) 1 4-5
CHEM:1110 Principles of Chemistry I (also GE: Natural Sciences with a lab) 2 4
MATH:1460 Calculus for the Biological Sciences (also GE: Quantitative or Formal Reasoning) 2 4
General Education or elective course 3 1-3
CSI:1600 Success at Iowa 2
 Hours15-18
Spring
ENGL:1200 The Interpretation of Literature (GE: Rhetoric or GE: Interpretation of Literature) 3
GE: Social Sciences 3
CHEM:1120 Principles of Chemistry II (GE: Natural Sciences) 4
BIOL:1411 Foundations of Biology 4
Elective course 1-2
 Hours15-16
Second Year
Fall
GE: World Languages or elective 4 4-5
GE: Historical Perspectives 3
BIOL:1412 Diversity of Form and Function 4
CHEM:2210 Organic Chemistry I 3
Elective course 1-2
 Hours15-17
Spring
GE: World Languages or elective 4-5
GE: International and Global Issues 3
MICR:2157 General Microbiology 5
CHEM:2220 Organic Chemistry II 3
 Hours15-16
Third Year
Fall
GE: World Languages or elective 3-4
GE: Values, Society, and Diversity 3
CHEM:2410 Organic Chemistry Laboratory 3
BIOC:3120 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I 3
PHYS:1511 College Physics I 4
 Hours16-17
Spring
GE: World Languages or elective 3-4
GE: Literary, Visual, and Performing Arts 3
BIOC:3130 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II 3
Major: advanced microbiology course 3-4
PHYS:1512 College Physics II 4
 Hours16-18
Fourth Year
Fall
Major: advanced microbiology course 3
Major: advanced microbiology course 3
Optional research 1-3
Elective course 3
Elective course 3
 Hours13-15
Spring
Major: advanced microbiology course 3
Optional research 1-3
MICR:4163 Seminar: Microbiology 2
Elective course 3
Elective course 3
 Hours12-14
 Total Hours117-131
1

General Education (GE) courses may be completed in any order unless used as a prerequisite for another course. Students should consult with an advisor about the best sequencing of courses. For more information, view the General Education Program.

2

Enrollment in chemistry and math courses require completion of placement exams.

3

Students may use their elective courses to complete a double major, minors, or certificates.

4

Students who have completed four years of a single language in high school have satisfied the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences GE: World Languages requirement. Enrollment in world languages courses requires a placement exam, unless enrolling in a first-semester-level course.

Scholar Track

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
FallHours
RHET:1030 Rhetoric (or other General Education course) 1 4-5
CHEM:1110 Principles of Chemistry I (also GE: Natural Sciences with a lab) 2 4
MATH:1460 Calculus for the Biological Sciences (also GE: Quantitative or Formal Reasoning) 2 4
General Education or elective course 3 1-3
CSI:1600 Success at Iowa 2
 Hours15-18
Spring
ENGL:1200 The Interpretation of Literature (GE: Rhetoric or GE: Interpretation of Literature) 3
GE: Social Sciences 3
CHEM:1120 Principles of Chemistry II (GE: Natural Sciences) 4
BIOL:1411 Foundations of Biology 4
Elective course 1-2
 Hours15-16
Second Year
Fall
GE: World Languages or elective 4 4-5
BIOL:1412 Diversity of Form and Function 4
CHEM:2210 Organic Chemistry I 3
MICR:2157 General Microbiology 5
 Hours16-17
Spring
GE: World Languages or elective 4-5
GE: International and Global Issues 3
PHYS:1400 Basic Physics 4
GHS:2000 Introduction to Global Health Studies 3
 Hours14-15
Third Year
Fall
GE: World Languages or elective 3-4
GE: Values, Society, and Diversity 3
Major: advanced microbiology course 3
BIOC:3120 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I 3
Major: advanced microbiology laboratory course 3
 Hours15-16
Spring
GE: World Languages or elective 3-4
GE: Literary, Visual, and Performing Arts 3
BIOC:3130 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II 3
Major: advanced microbiology course 3
Elective course 3
 Hours15-16
Fourth Year
Fall
Major: advanced microbiology course 3
Major: advanced microbiology course 3
Optional research 1-3
GE: Historical Perspectives 3
Elective course 3
 Hours13-15
Spring
Major: advanced microbiology course 3
Optional research 1-3
MICR:4163 Seminar: Microbiology 2
Elective course 3
Elective course 3
 Hours12-14
 Total Hours115-127
1

General Education (GE) courses may be completed in any order unless used as a prerequisite for another course. Students should consult with an advisor about the best sequencing of courses. For more information, view the General Education Program.

2

Enrollment in chemistry and math courses require completion of placement exams.

3

Students may use their elective courses to complete a double major, minors, or certificates.

4

Students who have completed four years of a single language in high school have satisfied the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences GE: World Languages requirement. Enrollment in world languages courses requires a placement exam, unless enrolling in a first-semester-level course.

Graduates find employment opportunities in government, hospitals, public health laboratories, research laboratories, and industrial laboratories (food, dairy, chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology companies). Those who pursue advanced degrees have more advanced career opportunities in these same areas, with greater responsibilities and higher salaries, as well as in college and university teaching.

The Pomerantz Career Center offers multiple resources to help students find internships and jobs.